Andrew J Wahlert

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PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of second-harmonic imaging to identify differences in corneal stromal collagen organization between normal human and keratoconus corneas. METHODS Six normal corneas from eye bank donors and 13 corneas of patients with keratoconus, obtained after penetrating keratoplasty were examined. A(More)
Herpes stromal keratitis (HSK) results from the reactivation of herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1) in the cornea. The subsequent corneal inflammation and neovascularization may lead to scarring and visual loss. The cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying HSK remain unknown. The presence of stromal HSV-1 viral proteins or antigens in the HSK cornea(More)
The purpose of this study was to characterize the age-related changes of the mouse meibomian gland. Eyelids from adult C57Bl/6 mice at 2, 6, 12 and 24 months of age were stained with specific antibodies against peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) to identify differentiating meibocytes, Oil Red O (ORO) to identify lipid, Ki67 nuclear(More)
PURPOSE Recent studies have shown that confocal imaging of second harmonic-generated (SHG) signals can detect corneal collagen organization. The purpose of this study was to assess whether SHG signals can detect differences in corneal fibrosis after excimer laser surface ablation (photorefractive keratectomy [PRK]). METHODS Rabbits received 9-D PRK in one(More)
In this report we evaluated the effect of femtosecond laser energy on the development of corneal haze and keratocyte activation in rabbits following intra-stromal photodisruption to create LASIK flaps using a modified commercial femtosecond surgical laser. Three groups of flap parameters were studied: 1.5 microJ/pulse with 10 microm spot separation and(More)
We studied the phenotype and distribution of "naturally" occurring CD4(+) CD25(+) T regulatory cells (CD4(+) CD25(+) nT(reg) cells) resident in rabbit conjunctiva, the main T-cell inductive site of the ocular mucosal immune system, and we investigated their suppressive capacities using herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1)-specific effector T (T(eff)) cells(More)
We have evaluated the ocular irritancy potential of an unknown environmental contaminant, para-toluene sulfonic acid (pTSA), compared with that of known irritants, 5% sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and 10% acetic acid (AA), using a simplified, ex vivo rabbit eye test modified to measure cytotoxicity as a mechanistic correlate to the Draize rabbit eye test.(More)
PURPOSE To determine if the corneas of naive mice contain resident CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. METHODS The presence of T cells in the corneas of naive BALB/c, C57BL/6, and SCID mice was determined by immunostaining with anti-CD4 (clone RM4-5) and anti-CD8 (clone 5H10-1) monoclonal antibodies. Immunostained corneal sections were examined by light microscopy,(More)
Dynorphin peptide neurotransmitters (neuropeptides) have been implicated in spinal pain processing based on the observations that intrathecal delivery of dynorphin results in proalgesic effects and disruption of extracellular dynorphin activity (by antisera) prevents injury evoked hyperalgesia. However, the cellular source of secreted spinal dynorphin has(More)
Keratocytes produce the extensive stromal matrix of the cornea during the late embryonic and neonatal time periods. We propose to test the hypothesis that their biosynthetic activity declines during this process. Keratocytes were isolated from corneas of 6-8-week-old rabbits and corneas of 1-2-year-old cows and their ability to proliferate and synthesize(More)
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