Andrew J. W. Gibson

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This review encompasses the most important advances in liver functions and hepatotoxicity and analyzes which mechanisms can be studied in vitro. In a complex architecture of nested, zonated lobules, the liver consists of approximately 80 % hepatocytes and 20 % non-parenchymal cells, the latter being involved in a secondary phase that may dramatically(More)
Host genetic factors have been reported to influence the natural history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. We examined whether variation in interleukin 10 (IL-10) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) genes would predict the likelihood of sustained response to antiviral therapy. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and microsatellites at two(More)
Family studies of first-degree relatives and analysis of twins indicate that as much as 75% of the differences in quantitative IL-10 production in man derive from heritable genetic factors. Studies of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the proximal 1.0 kb of the IL-10 promoter have yielded inconsistent association with IL-10 production and variable(More)
OBJECTIVE To define the molecular basis of the autosomal dominant progressive external ophthalmoplegia and parkinsonism in a large family with a dominantly transmitted multiple mitochondrial DNA deletion disorder. DESIGN Microsatellite analysis and screening of the progressive external ophthalmoplegia 1 (PEO1), adenine nucleotide translocator 1 (ANT1),(More)
We report the sequence of several MAL-activator genes, including inducible, constitutive, and noninducible alleles of MAL23, MAL43, MAL63, and mal64. Constitutive alleles of MAL23 and MAL43 vary considerably from inducible alleles in their C-terminal domain, with many of the alterations clustered and common to both alleles. The 27 alterations from residues(More)
Newfound relatives of the classical Fc receptors (FcR) have been provisionally named the Fc receptor homologs (FcRH). The recent identification of eight human and six mouse FcRH genes substantially increases the size and functional potential of the FcR family. The extended family of FcR and FcRH genes spans approximately 15 Mb of the human chromosome(More)
A single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), identified at nucleotide position -844 in the 5' promoter of the FasL gene, lies within a putative binding motif for CAAT/enhancer-binding protein beta (C/EBPbeta). Electrophoretic mobility shift and supershift assays confirmed that this element binds specifically to C/EBPbeta and demonstrated that the two alleles of(More)
Increased expression of interferon (IFN)-inducible genes is implicated in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). One transcription factor responsible for regulating IFN, interferon regulatory factor-5 (IRF5), has been associated with SLE in genetic studies of Asian, Caucasian and Hispanic populations. We genotyped up to seven polymorphic(More)
FcgammaRIIb (CD32B, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man 604590), an IgG FcR with a tyrosine-based inhibitory motif, plays a critical role in the balance of tolerance and autoimmunity in murine models. However, the high degree of homology between FcgammaRIIb and FcgammaRIIa in humans and the lack of specific Abs to differentiate them have hampered study of(More)