Andrew J. Tarr

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Stress-induced immune dysregulation results in significant health consequences for immune related disorders including viral infections, chronic autoimmune disease, and tumor growth and metastasis. In this mini-review we discuss the sympathetic, neuroendocrine and immunologic mechanisms by which psychosocial stress can impact cancer biology. Both human and(More)
UNLABELLED Repeated social defeat (RSD) is a murine stressor that recapitulates key physiological, immunological, and behavioral alterations observed in humans exposed to chronic psychosocial stress. Psychosocial stress promotes prolonged behavioral adaptations that are associated with neuroinflammatory signaling and impaired neuroplasticity. Here, we show(More)
BACKGROUND Persistent anxiety-like symptoms may have an inflammatory-related pathophysiology. Our previous work using repeated social defeat (RSD) in mice showed that recruitment of peripheral myeloid cells to the brain is required for the development of anxiety. Here, we aimed to determine if 1) RSD promotes prolonged anxiety through redistribution of(More)
Altered inflammatory cytokine profiles are often observed in individuals suffering from major depression. Recent clinical work reports on elevated IL-6 and decreased IL-10 in depression. Elevated IL-6 has served as a consistent biomarker of depression and IL-10 is proposed to influence depressive behavior through its ability to counterbalance(More)
An acute LPS challenge immediately following day 1 of shuttlebox training triggered exacerbated central IL-1β production and disrupted memory consolidation and/or further acquisition of the task in 18-month-old mice, compared to 4-month-old controls. These deficits cannot be attributed to alterations in sickness behavior. The findings suggest that age and(More)
Peripheral immune activation by bacterial mimics or live replicating pathogens is well known to induce central nervous system activation. Sickness behavior alterations are often associated with inflammation-induced increases in peripheral proinflammatory cytokines (eg, interleukin [IL]-1β and IL-6). However, most researchers have used acute high dose(More)
There are extensive bidirectional interactions between the gut microbiota and the central nervous system (CNS), and studies demonstrate that stressor exposure significantly alters gut microbiota community structure. We tested whether oligosaccharides naturally found in high levels in human milk, which have been reported to impact brain development and(More)
Prior research suggests that prenatal stress, among other effects, can lead to hyper-reactivity of the offspring's hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and alterations in immune function. These stress-induced changes have been linked to a greater propensity to develop depression or anxiety disorders. Furthermore, prenatally stressed offspring may be(More)
Neural and behavioral responses after peripheral immune challenge have been observed in numerous studies. The majority of these studies have utilized relatively high doses of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as the immune stimulant. Little attention has been given to the effects of LPS dose ranges that simulate low grade-inflammation. The current studies were(More)
In most environmental models of Parkinson's disease (PD), a single neurodegenerative agent is introduced to cause nigrostriatal dopamine depletion. However, cell loss in human PD often might derive, at least in part, from multiple toxins or vulnerabilities, any one of which alone does not inevitably lead to chronic dopamine depletion. In the present(More)