Andrew J. Sutherland-Smith

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The regulated proliferation and differentiation of neural stem cells before the generation and migration of neurons in the cerebral cortex are central aspects of mammalian development. Periventricular neuronal heterotopia, a specific form of mislocalization of cortical neurons, can arise from neuronal progenitors that fail to negotiate aspects of these(More)
Remodeling of the cytoskeleton is central to the modulation of cell shape and migration. Filamin A, encoded by the gene FLNA, is a widely expressed protein that regulates re-organization of the actin cytoskeleton by interacting with integrins, transmembrane receptor complexes and second messengers. We identified localized mutations in FLNA that conserve the(More)
Excess exogenous retinoic acid (RA) has been well documented to have teratogenic effects in the limb and craniofacial skeleton. Malformations that have been observed in this context include craniosynostosis, a common developmental defect of the skull that occurs in 1 in 2500 individuals and results from premature fusion of the cranial sutures. Despite these(More)
Filamin A (FLNA) crosslinks F-actin and binds proteins consistent with roles integrating cell signalling and the cytoskeleton. FLNA missense mutations are associated with the otopalatodigital syndrome (OPD) spectrum of skeletal disorders, clustering in discrete domains. One cluster is found in the second calponin homology domain of the FLNA actin-binding(More)
Utrophin and dystrophin link cytoskeletal F-actin filaments to the plasmalemma. Genetic strategies to replace defective dystrophin with utrophin in individuals with muscular dystrophy requires full characterization of these proteins. Both contain homologous N-terminal actin-binding motifs composed of a pair of calponin-homology (CH) domains (CH1 and CH2)(More)
Missense mutations in filamin B (FLNB) are associated with the autosomal dominant atelosteogenesis (AO) and the Larsen group of skeletal malformation disorders. These mutations cluster in particular FLNB protein domains and act in a presumptive gain-of-function mechanism. In contrast the loss-of-function disorder, spondylocarpotarsal synostosis syndrome, is(More)
A novel murine enzyme, ADP-dependent glucokinase (ADPGK), has been shown to catalyse glucose phosphorylation using ADP as phosphoryl donor. The ancestral ADPGK gene appears to have been laterally transferred from Archaea early in metazoan evolution, but its biological role has not been established. Here, we undertake an initial investigation of the(More)
Myostatin, a negative regulator of muscle growth, has been implicated in sporadic inclusion body myositis (sIBM). sIBM is the most common age-related muscle-wastage disease with a pathogenesis similar to that of amyloid disorders such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. Myostatin precursor protein (MstnPP) has been shown to associate with large(More)
Emerin is a ubiquitously expressed inner nuclear membrane protein of unknown function. Mutations in its gene give rise to X-linked Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (X-EDMD), a neuromuscular condition with an associated life-threatening cardiomyopathy. We have previously reported that emerin is phosphorylated in a cell cycle-dependent manner in human(More)
One of the most critical events in the origins of cellular life was the development of lipid membranes. Archaea use isoprenoid chains linked via ether bonds to sn-glycerol 1-phosphate (G1P), whereas bacteria and eukaryotes use fatty acids attached via ester bonds to enantiomeric sn-glycerol 3-phosphate. NAD(P)H-dependent G1P dehydrogenase (G1PDH) forms G1P(More)