Andrew J. Starsky

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OBJECTIVE To determine the minimum number of measurements required to obtain a reliable estimate of upper-extremity spasticity using biomechanic assessment across multiple testing trials and dates. DESIGN Single-center, longitudinal study with repeated measurements of spastic upper-extremity torque measures taken 1 week apart. SETTING A hospital-based(More)
The reflex torque responses of the elbow and shoulder to constant velocity angular extensions of the full comfortable range of the spastic elbow were measured in 16 people with unilateral stroke and 6 neurologically intact controls in order to identify the interjoint reflex coupling that occurs after stroke. The resulting responses showed a substantial(More)
Multijoint reflex coupling could impact the voluntary control of functional arm movements in people post stroke. The multijoint responses to active-assist, constant-velocity movements of the elbow joint were measured in 14 individuals post stroke and 9 neurologically intact controls. Resulting responses in the stroke group illustrated a change in the reflex(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Excessive sweating, known as hyperhidrosis, involves the eccrine sweat glands of the axillae, soles, palms, and/or forehead. The use of iontophoresis to reduce or eliminate excessive sweating has been described since 1952. The purpose of this case report is to describe the use of tap water galvanism (TWG) using direct current (DC)(More)
Brian D. Schmit, PhD 12 Marquette University 13 Department of Biomedical Engineering 14 P.O. Box 1881 15 Milwaukee, WI 53201-1881 16 17 Phone: (414) 288-6125 18 Fax: (414) 288-7938 19 20 Email: 21 22 23 Running Title: Reflex Response to Active-Assist Elbow Movements Post-Stroke 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 Articles in PresS. J(More)
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