Andrew J. Schwab

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We used the patch-clamp technique to study the activity and regulation of single potassium channels in the apical membrane of isolated cortical collecting tubules (CCT) of rat kidney. With 140 mM K+ in the pipette the inward conductance of the channel in cell-attached patches at 37 degrees C was 35 pS (n = 106, NaCl-Ringer or 70 mM KCl and 70 mM NaCl in the(More)
Mutations in leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) are the most-common genetic determinants of Parkinson's disease (PD). The G2019S mutation is detected most frequently and is associated with increased kinase activity. Whereas G2019S mutant dopamine neurons exhibit neurite elongation deficits, the effect of G2019S on other neuronal subtypes is unknown. As PD(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive disorder leading to paralysis and early death due to reduced SMN protein. It is unclear why there is such a profound motor neuron loss, but recent evidence from fly and mouse studies indicate that cells comprising the whole sensory-motor circuit may contribute to motor neuron dysfunction and loss.(More)
Leptospirosis, caused by pathogenic species of Leptospira, is the most widespread zoonosis and has emerged as a major public health problem worldwide. The adhesion of pathogenic Leptospira to host cells, and to extracellular matrix (ECM) components, is likely to be necessary for the ability of leptospires to penetrate, disseminate and persist in mammalian(More)
Mutations in the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) gene comprise the most common cause of familial Parkinson's disease (PD), and variants increase the risk for sporadic PD. LRRK2 displays kinase and GTPase activity, and altered catalytic activity correlates with neurotoxicity, making LRRK2 a promising therapeutic target. Despite the importance of LRRK2(More)
A B S T R A C T The effects of inhibition of the basolateral Na ÷-K ÷-ATPase (pump) on the apical low-conductance K ÷ channel of principal cells in rat cortical collecting duct (CCD) were studied with patch-clamp techniques. Inhibition of pump activity by removal of K + from the bath solution or addition of strophanthidin reversibly reduced K + channel(More)
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