Andrew J Richards

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Chadwick et al divided a group of patients with supraspinal myoclonus into three categories.3 One group responded poorly to serotonergic drugs-namely, clonazepam and 5-hydroxytryptophan; a second group had proximal myoclonus, prominent spikes on the electroencephalogram, excellent response to serotonergic drugs, and physiological features suggesting that(More)
The lumbar-spine radiographs of 67 patients with idiopathic chondrocalcinosis articularis were reviewed for disc calcification and other changes. Calcification was present in 21 (31%) of the patients, seen most frequently at the L 2-3 disc space. The 21 patients as a group were significantly older than the 46 patients without disc calcification, and also(More)
Each of 62 females were studied for a period of between two and 72 months (mean 36 months) following the removal of a prolactinoma by transsphenoidal pituitary surgery. Our aims were to define the relationships between pre- and post-operative features, the operative findings and the functional outcome. Pre-operative serum prolactin (PRL) concentrations(More)
PURPOSE It is not yet possible to estimate the number of cases required for a beginner to become expert in laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. We estimated the learning curve of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy for positive surgical margins compared to a published learning curve for open radical prostatectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS We reviewed records(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the effect of previous bladder outlet surgery (BOS) on the peri-operative variables of patients having laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP), as reported evidence as to whether BOS affects the outcome of RP is contradictory. PATIENTS AND METHODS Of 600 consecutive patients attending for LRP from March 2000 to January 2006, 558(More)