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PURPOSE This study examined the determinants of pacing strategy and performance during self-paced maximal exercise. METHODS Eight well-trained cyclists completed two 20-km time trials. Power output, rating of perceived exertion (RPE), positive and negative affect, and iEMG activity of the active musculature were recorded every 0.5 km, confidence in(More)
The anticipatory RPE feedback model (Tucker 2009) proposes that during self paced exercise tasks, muscular work is continually regulated through comparison of a subconscious 'template' Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE) that serves to protect against the development of catastrophic physiological failure, and a 'conscious' RPE that is generated through(More)
PURPOSE To analyze pacing strategies displayed by athletes achieving differing levels of performance during an elite-level marathon race. METHODS Competitors in the 2009 IAAF Women's Marathon Championship were split into groups 1, 2, 3, and 4 comprising the first, second, third, and fourth 25% of finishers, respectively. Final, intermediate, and(More)
Successful participation in competitive endurance activities requires continual regulation of muscular work rate in order to maximise physiological performance capacities, meaning that individuals must make numerous decisions with regards to the muscular work rate selected at any point in time. Decisions relating to the setting of appropriate goals and the(More)
PURPOSE The objective of this study is to examine risk taking and risk perception associations with perceived exertion, pacing, and performance in athletes. METHODS Two experiments were conducted in which risk perception was assessed using the domain-specific risk taking (DOSPERT) scale in 20 novice cyclists (experiment 1) and 32 experienced ultramarathon(More)
A number of theoretical models have been proposed in recent years to explain pacing strategies observed in individual competitive endurance events. These have typically related to the internal regulatory processes that inform the making of decisions relating to muscular work rate. Despite a substantial body of research which has investigated the influence(More)
PURPOSE To identify tactical factors associated with progression from preliminary rounds in middle-distance running events at an international championship. METHODS Results from the 2012 Olympic Games were used to access final and intermediate positions, finishing times, and season-best (SB) times for competitors in men's and women's 800-m and 1500-m(More)
PURPOSE Previous literature has presented pacing data of groups of competition finalists. The aim of this study was to analyze the pacing patterns displayed by medalists and nonmedalists in international competitive 400-m swimming and 1500-m running finals. METHODS Split times were collected from 48 swimming finalists (four 100-m laps) and 60 running(More)
PURPOSE This study examined individual contributions to overall pacing strategy during 2- and 5-km rowing trials in a coxless-4 boat. METHODS A crew of 4 male rowers performed maximal-effort on-water trials over 2 and 5 km, and power output during every individual stroke was measured for each crew member. Mean overall boat and individual rower stroke(More)