Andrew J. Perlman

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OBJECTIVE To determine whether treatment with recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) enhances growth rate in growth-retarded children with chronic renal failure. DESIGN One hundred twenty-five prepubertal growth-retarded children with chronic renal failure were randomly assigned to receive either rhGH (n = 82) or placebo (n = 43) for 2 years. SETTING(More)
Using cultured GHI cells, we have studied the organization in chromatin of the thyroid hormone nuclear receptor. We have previously shown that the receptor protein can be extracted from nuclei with 0.4 M KC1 as a 3.8 S species, and that micrococcal nuclease excises the receptor as an abundant 6.5 S form and a less abundant 12.5 S form (Samuels, H. H.,(More)
To determine if insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) inhibits pulsatile growth hormone (GH) secretion in man, recombinant human IGF-I (rhIGF-I) was infused for 6 h at 10 micrograms.kg-1.h-1 during a euglycemic clamp in 10 normal men who were fasted for 32 h to enhance GH secretion. Saline alone was infused during an otherwise identical second admission as a(More)
Insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) stimulate growth and differentiation of osteoblasts in culture, and these biological functions can be modulated by their binding proteins (IGFBPs). Previous studies have shown that IGFBP-2 is the major IGFBP synthesized by fetal rat osteoblast-like (ROB) cells, which also secret a minor 24-kilodalton IGFBP, presumably(More)
The biological action of glucocorticoids is dependent upon tissue-specific levels of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR). During stress, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis is stimulated, and high levels of glucocorticoids circulate. This axis is modulated by negative feedback by glucocorticoids, which inhibit hypothalamic and pituitary hormone secretion(More)
1. The defensive withdrawal reflex of the siphon of Aplysia is a local response (exhibited by the organ that is stimulated) mediated by the conjoint action of both the central and peripheral nervous systems. 2. Three independent methods were used to determine the contribution of the central and peripheral nervous systems to the siphon-withdrawal reflex: 1)(More)
The effect of glucocorticoids on tissue-specific regulation of glucocorticoid receptor mRNA was studied in intact and adrenalectomized rats. Glucocorticoid receptor mRNA was examined by Northern blot hybridization and quantitated by slot blot hybridization using a glucocorticoid cRNA probe. Glucocorticoid receptor mRNA was greatest in the lung with the(More)
To elucidate the abnormality of body fluid homeostasis that attends the nephrotic syndrome, we compared the atrial hormonal and renal excretory and vasomotor responses to water immersion of nephrotic patients (N = 10) with those of healthy controls (N = 9). Nephrotics exhibited depressed baseline levels of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP, P less than 0.05)(More)
The ontogeny, adrenal-feedback regulation and regional distribution of the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) mRNA were examined in the rat brain and kidney. In the kidney, MR mRNA levels in the adult were only 25-30% of the neonatal concentration. Adrenalectomy caused a 35% increase in total brain MR mRNA and a 94% increase in kidney MR mRNA levels.(More)
Using the method of Western ligand blot, we have found that the major form of insulin-like growth factor-binding protein (IGF-BP) secreted by rat osteoblastic-like cells in culture is a 31-kDa protein that is immunologically identical to BP-2, the binding protein originally identified in conditioned medium of Buffalo rat liver cells (BRL-3A). Two minor(More)