Learn More
Nine cases of severe sepsis following percutaneous or endoscopic procedures for upper urinary tract stones are reported. The mortality rate was 66%. Despite the fact that approximately 700 procedures were carried out in males and females in roughly equal proportions, a striking but inexplicable feature was that all 9 patients in the study group were female.(More)
Near infrared spectroscopy is a relatively new technique for monitoring intracerebral oxygen saturation. Using the technique, three episodes of cerebral hypoxia were detected during elective carotid endarterectomy which were not reliably recorded by more standard monitoring of cerebral perfusion. In one case, cerebral hypoxia was related to slippage of the(More)
A novel instrument using reflected near-infra-red light spectroscopy to measure cerebral oxygen saturation non-invasively was evaluated during carotid endarterectomy; cerebral perfusion was compared with jugular bulb venous oxygen saturation and transcranial Doppler ultrasonographic measurements. Initially, oximetry sensors with light source-detector(More)
The effect of therapeutic ultrasound on calcium uptake by embryonic chick 3T3 fibroblasts has been studied using calcium-45 radiotracer techniques. Cells were treated while suspended in culture medium at 36 degrees C at intensities from 0.25 W/cm2 SPPA to 1.5 W/cm2 SPPA (1 MHz, pulsed 2 ms on:8 ms off) and for exposure times from 1 min to 20 min. Ultrasound(More)
Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TCD) of the middle cerebral artery (MCA), light-reflective cerebral oximetry and measurement of internal carotid artery stump pressure were compared as methods of monitoring cerebral perfusion during carotid surgery in 33 patients. Median cerebral oxygen saturation was 70 (range 62-85) per cent and TCD-measured mean(More)
PURPOSE In the presence of carotid occlusion, the external carotid artery (ECA) becomes an important source of cerebral blood flow, especially if the circle of Willis is incomplete. The contribution of the ECA to hemispheric blood flow in patients with severe ipsilateral carotid stenosis has never been previously investigated. METHODS One hundred eight(More)