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—This paper describes an area and power-efficient VLSI approach for implementing the discrete wavelet transform on streaming multielectrode neurophysiological data in real time. The VLSI implementation is based on the lifting scheme for wavelet computation using the symmlet4 basis with quantized coefficients and integer fixed-point data precision to(More)
The subiculum is the major output region of the hippocampal formation. We have studied pyramidal neurons in slices of rat ventral subiculum to determine if there is a correlation between nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-diaphorase (NADPH-d) activity and electrophysiological phenotype. The majority of NADPH-d-positive pyramidal neurons were found(More)
Modern microelectrode arrays acquire neural signals from hundreds of neurons in parallel that are subsequently processed for spike sorting. It is important to identify, extract, and transmit appropriate features that allow accurate spike sorting while using minimum computational resources. This paper describes a new set of spike sorting features, explicitly(More)
An integrated CMOS amperometric instrument with on-chip electrodes and packaging for biosensor arrays is presented. The mixed-signal integrated circuit supports a variety of electrochemical measurement techniques including linear sweep, constant potential, cyclic and pulse voltammetry. Implemented in 0.5 μm CMOS, the 3 × mm(2) chip dissipates 22.5 mW for a(More)
Protein-based bioelectrochemical interfaces offer great potential for rapid detection, continuous use, and miniaturized sensor arrays. This paper introduces a microsystem platform that enables multiple bioelectrochemical interfaces to be interrogated simultaneously by an onchip amperometric readout system. A post-complementary metal-oxide semiconductor(More)
1. We used intracellular current-clamp techniques to record from 33 ventral subicular neurons in slices or rat hippocampal formation. Presumed pyramidal neurons were characterized by their responses to depolarizing current pulses as either intrinsically burst firing (IB) or regular spiking (RS). Within the subiculum, IB cells were encountered most(More)
Column generation is an increasingly important technique for the solution of linear and integer programming problems. This paper describes a nested column generation approach for rostering problems in which the arc weights in a master shortest path problem are calculated by solving a second set of shortest path problems. This model exploits the natural(More)
Time-frequency domain signal processing of neural recordings, from high-density microelectrode arrays implanted in the cortex, is highly desired to ease the bandwidth bottleneck associated with data transfer to extra-cranial processing units. Because of its energy compactness features, discrete wavelet transform (DWT) has been shown to provide efficient(More)