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- Zoe Naylor, Andrew J. Majda, Xiaoming Wang
- 2005

general area of geophysical fluid mechanics is truly interdisciplinary. Ideas from statistical physics are now being applied in novel ways to inhomogeneous complex systems such as atmospheres and oceans. In this book, the basic ideas of geophysics, probability theory, information theory, nonlinear dynamics, and equilibrium statistical mechanics are… (More)

The Madden-Julian oscillation (MJO) is the dominant mode of variability in the tropical atmosphere on intraseasonal timescales and planetary spatial scales. Despite the primary importance of the MJO and the decades of research progress since its original discovery, a generally accepted theory for its essential mechanisms has remained elusive. Here, we… (More)

Recent observational analysis reveals the central role of three multicloud types, congestus, stratiform, and deep convective cumulus clouds, in the dynamics of large-scale convectively coupled Kelvin waves, westward propagating two-day waves, and the Madden–Julian oscillation. A systematic model convective pa-rameterization highlighting the dynamic role of… (More)

The Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO) is the dominant mode of variability in the tropical atmosphere on intraseasonal time scales and planetary spatial scales. Despite the primary importance of the MJO and the decades of research progress since its original discovery, a generally accepted theory for its essential mechanisms has remained elusive. In recent… (More)

- Peter Constantint, Andrew J Majda, Esteban Tab
- 2002

The formation of smng and potentially singular fronts in a two-dimensional quasi-geostrophic active scalar is studied here through the symbiotic interaction of mathematical theory and numerical experiments. This active scalar represents the temperature evolving on the two dimensional boundary of a rapidly rotating half space with small Rosshy and Ekman… (More)

Systematic multiscale perturbation theory is utilized to develop self-consistent simplified model equations for the interaction across multiple spatial and/or temporal scales in the Tropics. One of these models involves simplified equations for intraseasonal planetary equatorial synoptic-scale dynamics (IPESD). This model includes the self-consistent… (More)

A multiscale model of the MJO is developed here that accounts, in a simplified fashion, for both the upscale transfer from synoptic to planetary scales of momentum and temperature from wave trains of thermally driven equatorial synoptic-scale circulations in a moving convective envelope as well as direct mean heating on planetary scales. This model involves… (More)

A minimal, nonlinear oscillator model is analyzed for the Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO) ''skeleton'' (i.e., its fundamental features on intraseasonal/planetary scales), which includes the following: (i) a slow eastward phase speed of roughly 5 m s 21 , (ii) a peculiar dispersion relation with dv/dk ' 0, and (iii) a horizontal quadrupole vortex structure.… (More)

A simplified set of equations is derived systematically below for the interaction of large scale flow fields and precipitation in the tropical atmosphere. These equations, the Tropical Climate Model, have the form of a shallow water equation and an equation for moisture coupled through a strongly nonlinear source term. This source term, the precipitation,… (More)