Andrew J. Letcher

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Inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate (Ins(1,3,4,5)P4) is produced rapidly from inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (Ins(1,4,5)P3) in stimulated cells. Despite extensive experimentation, no clearly defined cellular function has yet been described for this inositol phosphate. Binding sites specific for Ins(1,3,4,5)P4 have been identified in several tissues, and we(More)
Mammalian cells produce a variety of inositol phosphates (InsPs), including Ins(1,4,5)P3 that serves both as a second messenger and as a substrate for inositol polyphosphate kinases (IPKs), which further phosphorylate it. We report the structure of an IPK, the human Ins(1,4,5)P3 3-kinase-A, both free and in complexes with substrates and products. This(More)
Previous data suggest the existence of discrete pools of inositol lipids, which are components of a nuclear phosphoinositide (PI) cycle. However, it is not known whether the contents of these pools are regulated during cell proliferation. In the present study we demonstrate that the mass levels of three important constituents of the nuclear PI cycle are(More)
Recent advances in our understanding of the role of inositides in cell signalling have led to the central hypothesis that a receptor-stimulated phosphodiesteratic hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P2) results in the formation of two second messengers, diacylglycerol and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (Ins(1,4,5)P3). The existence(More)
The phosphatidylinositol phosphate kinases (PIPkins) are a family of enzymes involved in regulating levels of several functionally important inositol phospholipids within cells. The PIPkin family is subdivided into three on the basis of substrate specificity, each subtype presumably regulating levels of different subsets of the inositol lipids. The(More)
A complete separation of myo-inositol 1,4,5-[4,5-(32)P]trisphosphate prepared from human erythrocytes, and myo-[2-3H]inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate prepared from carbachol-stimulated rat parotid glands [Irvine, Letcher, Lander & Downes (1984) Biochem. J. 223, 237-243], was achieved by anion-exchange high-performance liquid chromatography. This separation(More)
Pea (Pisum sativum) leaf discs or swimming suspensions of Chlamydomonas eugametos were radiolabeled with [(3)H]myo-inositol or [(32)P]Pi and the lipids were extracted, deacylated, and their glycerol moieties removed. The resulting inositol trisphosphate and bisphosphate fractions were examined by periodate degradation, reduction and dephosphorylation, or by(More)
Previous work demonstrated the existence of phosphatidylinositol kinase and phosphatidylinositol phosphate kinase in rat liver nuclei, with the suggestion that these activities are in the nuclear membrane [Smith & Wells (1983) J. Biol. Chem. 258, 9368-9373]. Here we show that highly purified nuclei from Friend cells, washed free of nuclear membrane by(More)
PtdIns5P 4-kinases IIalpha and IIbeta are cytosolic and nuclear respectively when transfected into cells, including DT40 cells [Richardson, Wang, Clarke, Patel and Irvine (2007) Cell. Signalling 19, 1309-1314]. In the present study we have genomically tagged both type II PtdIns5P 4-kinase isoforms in DT40 cells. Immunoprecipitation of either isoform from(More)
Phosphatidylinositol 5-phosphate (PtdIns5P), a novel inositol lipid, has been shown to be the major substrate for the type II PtdInsP kinases (PIPkins) ¿Rameh et al. (1997) Nature 390, 192-196. A PtdInsP fraction was prepared from cell extracts by neomycin chromatography, using a protocol devised to eliminate the interaction of acidic solvents with(More)