OBJECTIVES Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) have been described as suppressors of T-cell functions in many tumor models. However, MDSC in HIV-1 infection have not been studied to date. As impaired T-cell function is a hallmark of chronic progressive HIV-1 infection, we hypothesized that MDSC also play a role here. METHODS Surface staining and flow… (More)
We hypothesized that ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury of the liver during normotensive gram-negative bacteremic sepsis alters the kinetics of circulating endotoxin, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and coinduced mediators, thereby exacerbating sepsis-induced lung inflammation. Liver and lung dysfunction were studied after hematogenous infection of… (More)
We employed a bile duct ligation (BDL) model of cholestatic liver injury to test the hypothesis that this form of preexisting hepatic dysfunction alters the kinetics of circulating TNF-alpha and IL-6 after Escherichia coli endotoxemia, thereby augmenting mortality and lung injury by a TNF-alpha:leukotriene (LT) axis of inflammation. Male rats were… (More)
Recent studies have identified epithelial stem and progenitor cell populations of the lung. We are just beginning to understand the mechanisms that regulate their homeostatic, regenerative and maladaptive behaviors. Here, we discuss evidence of regulatory niches for epithelial stem cells of the lung.