Andrew J Lawrence

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1. Orexin-containing neurons have been implicated in feeding, sleep-wake cycles and more recently in drug-seeking behaviour. 2. Pretreatment of alcohol-preferring (iP) rats with an orexin1 receptor antagonist (SB-334867, 20 mg kg(-1), intraperitoneally) completely abolished an olfactory cue-induced reinstatement of alcohol-seeking behaviour, and also(More)
"Near-miss" events, where unsuccessful outcomes are proximal to the jackpot, increase gambling propensity and may be associated with the addictiveness of gambling, but little is known about the neurocognitive mechanisms that underlie their potency. Using a simplified slot machine task, we measured behavioral and neural responses to gambling outcomes.(More)
There is a longstanding association between substance-use disorders (SUDs) and the psychological construct of impulsivity. In the first section of this review, personality and neurocognitive data pertaining to impulsivity will be summarised in regular users of four classes of substance: stimulants, opiates, alcohol and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine(More)
Male Wistar rats were treated with 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ‘Ecstasy’) using either a high dose (4 × 5 mg/kg over 4 h) or low dose (1 × 5 mg/kg over 4 h) regimen on each of 2 consecutive days. After 10 weeks, rats were tested in the social interaction and emergence tests of anxiety. Rats previously given either of the MDMA dose regimens were(More)
GABA systems have been implicated as targets for ethanol at the cellular, molecular and behavioural level. The present study was designed to further examine the potential of the GABA(B) receptor as a target for regulating operant alcohol responding. Given that the prototypic agonist, baclofen, reduces the self-administration of alcohol, we hypothesized that(More)
Impulsivity is a central feature of drug addiction and may arise as a result of impaired inhibitory control. The extent to which inhibitory deficits arise as a consequence of drug exposure or relate to pre-existing addiction vulnerability is unknown. This study compared measures of impulsivity in outpatients with alcohol dependence (n = 23) and problem(More)
The adenosine A2A receptor is specifically enriched in the medium spiny neurons that make up the ‘indirect’ output pathway from the ventral striatum, a structure known to have a crucial, integrative role in processes such as reward, motivation, and drug-seeking behavior. In the present study we investigated the impact of adenosine A2A receptor deletion on(More)
AIMS Problem gambling has been proposed to represent a 'behavioural addiction' that may provide key insights into vulnerability mechanisms underlying addiction in brains that are not affected by the damaging effects of drugs. Our aim was to investigate the neurocognitive profile of problem gambling in comparison with alcohol dependence. We reasoned that(More)
Australia is experiencing a prolonged epidemic of pertussis that began in 2008. A total of 194 Bordetella pertussis isolates collected from 2008 through 2010 were typed by single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis, by multilocus variable number tandem repeats analysis, and by fim3, prn, and ptxP sequence analyses. Strains with 2 closely related SNP(More)