We report on two recent medium-scale initiatives annotating present day English corpora for animacy distinctions. We discuss the relevance of animacy for computational linguistics, specifically generation, the annotation categories used in the two studies and the interannotator reliability for one of the studies.
This paper provides a new perspective on the options available to languages for encoding directed motion events. Talmy (1985) introduces an influential two-way typology, proposing 1 that languages adopt either verb-framed or satellite-framed encoding of motion events. This typology is augmented by Slobin (2004b) and Zlatev and Yangklang (2004) with a third… (More)
This paper addresses the issue of what are possible and impossible word formation operations from a semantic perspective, exploring the idea originally due to Kiparsky (1982) that word formation operations " add but do not eliminate some element of meaning in a word. " I lay out what this idea would mean both model-theoretically and representationally,… (More)
have recently proposed a stochastic version of optimality theory (OT; Prince and Smolensky 1993) along with a learning algorithm, the Gradual Learning Algorithm (GLA). This framework offers a great deal of promise in accounting for variable linguistic phenomena, which in general have received less attention in the theoretical literature. Boersma and Hayes… (More)
Rappaport Hovav and Levin (in press) argue that verbs fall into (at least) two classes: those encoding result (e.g. break, smash, crush) and those encoding manner (e.g. run, walk, swim). No verb encodes both, so that the manner in which something comes to be broken is underspecified for break verbs, while the result is underspeci-fied for run verbs. Through… (More)
This paper discusses the effects of variation in the meaning of property concept terms (Dixon 1982) on the form of predicative and comparative constructions. We demonstrate the existence of two kinds of property concept lexeme, which differ systematically in how they participate in constructions expressing the truth conditions of property concept… (More)
We respond to Horvath and Siloni's (2013) continued arguments against the reflex-ivization analysis of anticausatives, which we show suffer many of the same problems Beavers and Koontz-Garboden (2013) identified with the arguments in Horvath and Siloni (2011). In Beavers and Koontz-Garboden (2013) (BKG) we point to methodological, empirical, and conceptual… (More)
audience members at the Madrid Events workshop in May, 2009 and two anonymous reviewers. " mh-madrid-final-truncated-formatted " — 2011/3/15 — 9:32 — page iv — #2 " mh-madrid-final-truncated-formatted " — 2011/3/15 — 9:32 — page v — #3 Contents 0.1 Introduction v 0.2 What compositionality means for the semantics of word formation vii 0.3 Property concepts… (More)