Andrew J Jay

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The dairy industry produces large quantities of whey as a by-product of cheese production and is increasingly looking for new ways to utilize this waste product. Gellan gum is reliably produced by Sphingomonas paucimobilis in growth media containing lactose, a significant component of cheese whey, as a carbon source. We studied and compared polysaccharide(More)
beta-Galactosidase enzymes were extracted from pure cultures of Bifidobacterium angulatum, B. bifidum BB-12, B. adolescentis ANB-7, B. infantis DSM-20088, and B. pseudolongum DSM-20099 and used in glycosyl transfer reactions to synthesize oligosaccharides from lactose. At a lactose concentration of 30% (wt/wt) oligosaccharide yields of 24.7 to 47.6%(More)
This study investigated dextran synthesis from a commercial maltodextrin substrate using cell suspensions of G. oxydans NCIB 4943 as catalysts. Experiments were arranged according to a central composite statistical design. The effects of substrate concentration (10-100 g l-1), cell concentration (0.32-32.0 g wet weight l-1), time of reaction (8-48 h) and pH(More)
Crude cell-free extracts from Lactobacillus reuteri grown on cellobiose, maltose, lactose and raffinose were assayed for glycosidic activities. When raffinose was used as the carbon source, alpha-galactosidase was produced, showing the highest yield at the beginning of the stationary growth phase. A 64 kDa enzyme was purified by ultra- and gel filtration,(More)
Crude cell-free extracts from Lactobacillus reuteri grown on cellobiose, maltose, lactose and raffinose were assayed for glycosidic activities. When raffinose was used as the carbon source, α-galactosidase was produced, showing the highest yield at the beginning of the stationary growth phase. A 64 kDa enzyme was purified by ultra- and gel filtration, and(More)
A new exocellular polysaccharide (P2) has been produced by the manipulation of a glycosyl transferase gene (aceP) involved in the biosynthesis of the polysaccharide acetan by the bacterium Acetobacter xylinum strain CKE5. The P2 polysaccharide has been studied by methylation analysis, reductive cleavage, and 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. The data are(More)
Acetan is an anionic bacterial polysaccharide. The chemical repeat unit consists of a cellobiose unit solubilised by attachment of a charged pentasaccharide sidechain to one of the glucose residues. The repeat unit contains two sites of acetylation. 1H and 13C NMR studies, coupled with both basic-methylation and mild-methylation studies, have shown that(More)
The acetan biosynthetic pathway in Acetobacter xylinum is an ideal model system for engineering novel bacterial polysaccharides. To genetically manipulate this pathway, an Acetobacter strain (CKE5), more susceptible to gene-transfer methodologies, was developed. A new gene, aceP, involved in acetan biosynthesis was identified, sequenced and shown to have(More)
Chinese water chestnut (Eleocharis dulcis (Burman f.) Trin ex Henschel) is a corm consumed globally in Oriental-style cuisine. The corm consists of three main tissues, the epidermis, subepidermis, and parenchyma; the cell walls of which were analyzed for sugar, phenolic, and lignin content. Sugar content, measured by gas chromatography, was higher in the(More)
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