Andrew J Jackson

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It has been proposed that the efficacy of neuronal connections is strengthened when there is a persistent causal relationship between presynaptic and postsynaptic activity. Such activity-dependent plasticity may underlie the reorganization of cortical representations during learning, although direct in vivo evidence is lacking. Here we show that stable(More)
Neural synchronization in the cortex, and its potential role in information coding, has attracted much recent attention. In this study, we have recorded long spike trains (mean, 33,000 spikes) simultaneously from multiple single neurons in the primary motor cortex (M1) of two conscious macaque monkeys performing a precision grip task. The task required the(More)
The Quantitative Analysis of Normal Tissue Effects in the Clinic (QUANTEC) review summarizes the currently available three-dimensional dose/volume/outcome data to update and refine the normal tissue dose/volume tolerance guidelines provided by the classic Emami et al. paper published in 1991. A "clinician's view" on using the QUANTEC information in a(More)
CONTEXT The novel influenza A(H1N1) pandemic affected Australia and New Zealand during the 2009 southern hemisphere winter. It caused an epidemic of critical illness and some patients developed severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and were treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). OBJECTIVES To describe the characteristics of(More)
GeneDB (http://www.genedb.org) is a genome database for prokaryotic and eukaryotic pathogens and closely related organisms. The resource provides a portal to genome sequence and annotation data, which is primarily generated by the Pathogen Genomics group at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. It combines data from completed and ongoing genome projects with(More)
The available dose/volume/outcome data for rectal injury were reviewed. The volume of rectum receiving >or=60 Gy is consistently associated with the risk of Grade >or=2 rectal toxicity or rectal bleeding. Parameters for the Lyman-Kutcher-Burman normal tissue complication probability model from four clinical series are remarkably consistent, suggesting that(More)
To perform neurobiological experiments on freely behaving primates, we have developed a miniature battery-powered implantable computer capable of recording and stimulating through chronic electrodes in the cortex. The device has: (1) an analog front end with a four-pole bandpass filter (500 Hz-5 kHz), programmable gain and offset nulling; (2) an(More)
PURPOSE To report the incidence and predictors of treatment-related toxicity at 10 years after three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for localized prostate cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS Between 1988 and 2000, 1571 patients with stages T1-T3 prostate cancer were treated with 3D-CRT/IMRT with doses(More)
We present a new model of the magnetic ­ eld at the core{mantle boundary for the interval 1590{1990. The model, called gufm1, is based on a massive new compilation of historical observations of the magnetic ­ eld. The greater part of the new dataset originates from unpublished observations taken by mariners engaged in merchant and naval shipping.(More)
Subtelomeric regions are often under-represented in genome sequences of eukaryotes. One of the best known examples of the use of telomere proximity for adaptive purposes are the bloodstream expression sites (BESs) of the African trypanosome Trypanosoma brucei. To enhance our understanding of BES structure and function in host adaptation and immune evasion,(More)