Andrew J J Kolozsvary

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We have shown previously that arsenic trioxide (ATO) preferentially shutsdown tumor blood flow, leading to pronounced cell death in the central part of the solid tumor with a minimal effect on the surrounding normal tissues. On the basis of the histopathological and tumor perfusion studies, we hypothesized that the tumor control rate of locally advanced(More)
BACKGROUND Radiation therapy is generally contraindicated for cancer patients with collagen vascular diseases (CVD) such as scleroderma due to an increased risk of fibrosis. The tight skin (TSK) mouse has skin which, in some respects, mimics that of patients with scleroderma. The skin radiation response of TSK mice has not been previously reported. If TSK(More)
BACKGROUND Sublethal doses of whole brain irradiation (WBI) are commonly administered therapeutically and frequently result in late delayed radiation injuries, manifesting as severe and irreversible cognitive impairment. Neural progenitors within the subgranular zone (SGZ) of the dentate gyrus are among the most radiosensitive cell types in the adult brain(More)
Available imaging techniques have a limited ability to detect radiation-induced injury of the normal brain. In particular, there is no noninvasive method available for detection of structural or functional neuronal damage induced by radiation. This study was designed to determine whether MRI enhanced using the neuronal track tracer MnCl(2) can detect(More)
Inhibitors of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) have been used to reduce radiation-induced normal tissue injury. The present study was carried out to determine whether ramipril, one of the inhibitors of ACE, would ameliorate radiation-induced brain damage, using a well-characterized optic neuropathy model in the rat, one of the most critical and(More)
Radiation-induced optic nerve damage was reduced by ramipril, a prodrug angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI). This study was to determine the optimum dose and administration time of ramipril for mitigating radiation-induced optic neuropathy. Adult Fischer 344 male rats were treated with a single dose radiation 30 Gy by using radiosurgical(More)
PURPOSE Viral vectors used for cancer gene therapy are usually delivered by direct intratumoral administration. We studied the role of hyperthermia (HT) in vitro and in vivo in an attempt to achieve higher transfection rates (especially, larger volume of spread). MATERIALS AND METHODS Replication-deficient adenoviruses containing either the human(More)
Arsenic trioxide (ATO) at low doses induces leukemia cells to undergo apoptosis and at higher doses causes blood flow to solid tumors to shut down. To determine whether a potential synergistic interaction exists between ATO at the non-toxic dose level in the rat and radiation, the present study was carried out with orthotopic 9L malignant gliomas growing in(More)
BACKGROUND Radiation-induced, long-lived free radicals, reactive oxygen species and pro-inflammatory cytokines have been implicated in the resultant tissue injury after exposure to ionizing radiation. METHODS An approach designed to reduce the damaging effects of reactive oxidants employs metalloenzymes of superoxide dismutase (SOD), such as MnSOD.(More)
This study describes a quantitative method to measure the magnitude and distribution of gene expression following local delivery of an adenoviral vector containing the human sodium iodide symporter (hNIS) reporter gene into the canine prostate. Following systemic administration of Na(99m)TcO(4), autoradiographs of prostate sections depicting hNIS-dependent(More)