Andrew J Drain

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The effect of BMI on cost of intensive care unit (ICU) stay and ward stay in cardiac surgery is currently unknown. To assess these data on BMI, ICU stay and EuroSCORE were prospectively collected for 6100 patients undergoing cardiac surgery between 2000 and 2004. Patients were categorised according to BMI and comparisons were conducted, using non-parametric(More)
We describe how 2-window video-assisted thoracoscopic decortication and lung mobilization can provide definitive management of stage III empyema. This technique was used in 52 patients with stage III empyema. None required additional ports or a thoracotomy. Three patients (6%) needed computed tomography-guided drainage of persistent large loculi, but none(More)
Death in low-risk patients is not studied as frequently as it is in other cardiac patients. We, therefore, sought to determine why some low-risk patients die after cardiac surgery. All low-risk patients (EuroSCORE<or=2) who died after cardiac surgery in one institution between 1996 and 2005 were included and meticulously studied by internal and independent(More)
Infective endocarditis is a rare but life-threatening complication of heart and heart-lung transplantation. We describe a 32-year-old woman who developed aortic valvular endocarditis following heart-lung transplantation. Enterococcus was the infective organism. The patient's condition was successfully managed using prolonged intravenous antibiotic therapy(More)
Mounier-Kuhn syndrome is a rare condition characterized by marked dilation of the trachea and main bronchi resulting in bronchiectasis and emphysema. We report a case in which a patient underwent successful double lung transplantation for COPD that was found on pathologic examination of the explanted lungs to be Mounier Kuhn syndrome. To our knowledge this(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac surgery is widely believed to be an excessively high-risk intervention for very elderly patients with coronary artery or valvular disease. However, as life expectancy and the prospect of sustained quality of life into older age increase, this assumption should be challenged so that surgery is not denied to patients who may derive(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac surgery modulates pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine balance involving plasma tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) together with urinary transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGFβ1), interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL1ra) and tumour necrosis factor soluble receptor-2 (TNFsr2). Effects on post-operative renal(More)
The castigators adopt the ‘blame, blame, name and shame’ approach. This surgeon, when faced with major and often catastrophic complications including death itself, will hurry to the scene, see the patient, scour the notes, and dig until he can justify that it wasn’t his fault. It couldn’t have been. He had only done the surgery, which, after all had been a(More)
There may be conflict between the requirements of surgical training and those of the clinical service if training has an impact on clinical outcomes. One area of potential impact is perioperative blood loss. We compared total and 12-hour blood loss after 2,079 consecutive cardiac operations performed over 2 years by trainees and consultants. One- and(More)