Learn More
The phage-shock-protein (Psp) system responds to extracytoplasmic stress that may reduce the energy status of the cell. It is conserved in many different bacteria and has been linked to several important phenotypes. Escherichia coli psp mutants have defects in maintenance of the proton-motive force, protein export by the sec and tat pathways, survival in(More)
The expression of several Escherichia coli operons is activated by the Fnr protein during anaerobic growth and is further controlled in response to nitrate and nitrite by the homologous response regulators, NarL and NarP. Among these operons, the napF operon, encoding a periplasmic nitrate reductase, has unique features with respect to its Fnr-, NarL-, and(More)
The phage shock protein locus (pspFpspABCDE) of Escherichia coli has proved to be something of an enigma since its discovery. The physiological functions of the psp locus, including those of the predicted effector protein PspA, are unknown. In a previous genetic screen, we determined that a Yersinia enterocolitica pspC mutant was severely attenuated for(More)
Pathogenic Yersinia species are associated with both localized and systemic infections in mammalian hosts. In this study, signature-tagged transposon mutagenesis was used to identify Yersinia enterocolitica genes required for survival in a mouse model of infection. Approximately 2000 transposon insertion mutants were screened for attenuation. This led to(More)
The formate dehydrogenases of Escherichia coli involved in electron transfer from formate to nitrite (Nrf activity: nitrite reduction by formate) have been identified. No previously undescribed selenoprotein was detected in bacteria grown under conditions optimal for the expression of Nrf activity. The Nrf activities of single mutants defective in either(More)
The phage-shock-protein (Psp) system is essential for Yersinia enterocolitica virulence. Mislocalized secretins induce psp gene expression, and kill psp null strains. We used transposon mutagenesis to investigate whether other genes are required to tolerate secretin-induced stress. Our motivation included the possibility of identifying signal transducers(More)
The structural gene, nrfA, for cytochrome c552, which is the terminal reductase of the formate-dependent pathway for nitrite reduction to ammonia, has been located at co-ordinate 4366 on the physical map of the Escherichia coli chromosome. The DNA sequence of nrfA encodes a tetrahaem c-type cytochrome with a predicted M(r) for the unprocessed product of(More)
The NarL and NarP proteins are homologous response regulators of Escherichia coli that control the expression of several operons in response to nitrate and nitrite. A consensus heptameric NarL DNA-binding sequence has been identified, and previous observations suggest that the NarP protein has a similar sequence specificity. However, some operons are(More)
During anaerobic growth, expression of the fdnGHI and narGHJI operons of Escherichia coli is induced by the NarL protein in response to nitrate. The fdnG operon control region contains four NarL-binding sites (termed NarL heptamers) between positions -70 and -130. The two central NarL heptamers of fdnG are arranged as an inverted repeat and are essential(More)
An obvious goal in the study of bacteria that cause human disease is to identify the bacterial genes required for growth within the host. Historically, this has presented a significant technological challenge. However, with this goal in mind, the in vivo expression technology (IVET) and signature-tagged mutagenesis (STM) techniques were developed during the(More)