Andrew J Copas

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BACKGROUND Sexual behaviour is a major determinant of sexual and reproductive health. We did a National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal 2000) in 1999-2001 to provide population estimates of behaviour patterns and to compare them with estimates from 1990-91 (Natsal 1990). METHODS We did a probability sample survey of men and women aged(More)
BACKGROUND Studies of the epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections (STI) are largely based on surveillance data. As part of a national survey of sexual attitudes and lifestyles (Natsal 2000) in Britain, we estimated the frequency of self-reported STIs, and the prevalence of urinary Chlamydia trachomatis infection. METHODS We did a stratified(More)
Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is consistently found in biopsy samples from patients with AIDS-related and "classical" Kaposi's sarcoma (KS). Although highly suggestive of a causal role of KSHV in the pathogenesis of KS, this observation does not exclude the possibility that KSHV, like other herpesviruses, is widely distributed and is a mere(More)
OBJECTIVES The aims of the study were to describe the clinical presentation and renal and bone abnormalities in a case series of HIV-infected patients receiving treatment with tenofovir (TDF), and to recommend appropriate screening for toxicity related to TDF. METHODS Patients were identified from referrals to a specialist HIV renal clinic. Patients were(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess current and intended future use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among men who have sex with men (MSM) and characterise those attending sexual health clinics, the anticipated PrEP delivery setting. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. METHODS Self-administered survey of 842 HIV negative MSM recruited from social venues in London in 2011.(More)
BACKGROUND Relatively high rates of teenage conception and sexually transmitted infection among young people in Britain have focused attention on early sexual behaviour and its determinants. We report the results of the second National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal 2000). METHODS We did a probability sample survey between 1999 and(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate the prevalence and timing of homosexual experience among British men; to explore the patterns of sexual practices and partnerships in 2000, and behavioural and attitudinal changes between 1990 and 2000 among men who have sex with men (MSM). DESIGN Two large, stratified probability sample surveys of the general population. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Maternal and neonatal mortality rates remain high in many low-income and middle-income countries. Different approaches for the improvement of birth outcomes have been used in community-based interventions, with heterogeneous effects on survival. We assessed the effects of women's groups practising participatory learning and action, compared with(More)
BACKGROUND Sexual behaviour and relationships are key components of wellbeing and are affected by social norms, attitudes, and health. We present data on sexual behaviours and attitudes in Britain (England, Scotland, and Wales) from the three National Surveys of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal). METHODS We used a multistage, clustered, and(More)
Two approaches commonly used to deal with missing data are multiple imputation (MI) and inverse-probability weighting (IPW). IPW is also used to adjust for unequal sampling fractions. MI is generally more efficient than IPW but more complex. Whereas IPW requires only a model for the probability that an individual has complete data (a univariate outcome), MI(More)