Andrew J. Bower

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Three-dimensional high-resolution imaging methods are important for cellular-level research. Optical coherence microscopy (OCM) is a low-coherence-based interferometry technology for cellular imaging with both high axial and lateral resolution. Using a high-numerical-aperture objective, OCM normally has a shallow depth of field and requires scanning the(More)
Bone-marrow (BM)-derived cells have been shown to be capable of aiding skin regeneration in vivo by differentiating into keratinocytes. However, the conditions under which this occurs are not fully understood. Characterizing innate mechanisms of skin regeneration by stem cells in vivo is important for the area of stem cell biology. In this study, we(More)
In some areas of London, listeners to BBC Radio National FM services had suffered from poor reception for some time. The problem was particularly severe immediately south of the River Thames where around one million people suffered with unsatisfactory reception on portable and car receivers. This was due to path blocking of the direct signal from the BBC's(More)
Evaluation of lymph node (LN) status is an important factor for detecting metastasis and thereby staging breast cancer. Currently utilized clinical techniques involve the surgical disruption and resection of lymphatic structure, whether nodes or axillary contents, for histological examination. While reasonably effective at detection of macrometastasis, the(More)
We report the enhancement in imaging performance of a spectral-domain optical coherence microscope (OCM) in turbid media by incorporating an optical parametric amplifier (OPA). The OPA provides a high level of optical gain to the sample arm, thereby improving the signal-to-noise ratio of the OCM by a factor of up to 15 dB. A unique nonlinear confocal gate(More)
Interleukin-12 (IL-12) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine known for its role in immunity, and previous studies have shown that IL-12 provides mitigation of radiation injury. In this study, we utilize a multimodal microscopy system equipped with second harmonic generation (SHG) and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM) to examine the effect of IL-12 on(More)
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