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Learning to navigate in complex environments with dynamic elements is an important milestone in developing AI agents. In this work we formulate the navigation question as a reinforcement learning problem and show that data efficiency and task performance can be dramatically improved by relying on additional auxiliary tasks. In particular we consider jointly(More)
Analysis of an intrinsically disordered protein (IDP) reveals an underlying multifunnel structure for the energy landscape. We suggest that such 'intrinsically disordered' landscapes, with a number of very different competing low-energy structures, are likely to characterise IDPs, and provide a useful way to address their properties. In particular, IDPs are(More)
We investigate the solvent effects leading to dissociation of sodium chloride in water. Thermodynamic analysis reveals dissociation to be driven energetically and opposed entropically, with the loss in entropy due to an increasing number of solvent molecules entering the highly coordinated ionic solvation shell. We show through committor analysis that the(More)
UK Machine learning techniques are being increasingly used as flexible non-linear fitting and prediction tools in the physical sciences. Fitting functions that exhibit multiple solutions as local minima can be analysed in terms of the corresponding machine learning landscape. Methods to explore and visualise molecular potential energy landscapes can be(More)
We present two methods for barrierless equilibrium sampling of molecular systems based on the recently proposed Kirkwood method (J. Chem. Phys. 2009, 130, 134102). Kirkwood sampling employs low-order correlations among internal coordinates of a molecule for random (or non-Markovian) sampling of the high dimensional conformational space. This is a(More)
Effective parallel tempering simulations rely crucially on a properly chosen sequence of temperatures. While it is desirable to achieve a uniform exchange acceptance rate across neighboring replicas, finding a set of temperatures that achieves this end is often a difficult task, in particular for systems undergoing phase transitions. Here we present a(More)
Equilibrium sampling is at the core of computational thermodynamics, aiding our understanding of various phenomena in the natural sciences including phase coexistence, molecular solvation, and protein folding. Despite the widespread development of novel sampling strategies over the years, efficient simulation of large complex systems remains a challenge.(More)
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