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BACKGROUND Identification of non-modifiable correlates of physical activity and sedentary behaviour in youth contributes to the development of effective targeted intervention strategies. The purpose of this research was to examine the relationships between family circumstances (e.g. socio-economic status, single vs. dual parent household, presence/absence(More)
In a 6-year-old child who had been blind since the age of 2 years, occipital potentials of normal amplitude and waveform could be evoked not only by diffuse light flashes but also by alternating checkerboard ans sinusoidal grating patterns of low spatial frequency. Computerized tomography demonstrated destruction of the occipital lobes except of the primary(More)
BACKGROUND The potential synergistic effects of multiple dietary and physical activity behaviours on the risk of chronic conditions and health outcomes is a key issue for public health. This study examined the prevalence and clustering patterns of multiple health behaviours among a sample of adolescents in the UK. METHODS Cross-sectional survey of 176(More)
Eye movements of hyperactive and normal boys were compared on a visual pursuit task in three experiments. In the first series of tests, irregular pursuit occurred more often in hyperactive than in normal boys. Hyperactive boys made more saccadic movements, their average saccades were larger, and they looked away from the pursuit path more frequently than(More)
Physical activity and sedentary behaviour are associated with metabolic and mental health during childhood and adolescence. Understanding the inter-relationships between these behaviours will help to inform intervention design. This systematic review and meta-analysis synthesized evidence from observational studies describing the association between(More)
BACKGROUND Physical activity (PA) declines during adolescence but change in different PA intensities across population subgroups is rarely explored. We describe change in sedentary (SED) time, light (LPA), moderate (MPA) and vigorous PA (VPA) assessed at three time points over 4 years. METHODS Accelerometer-assessed PA (min) was obtained at baseline(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding the determinants of sedentary time during childhood contributes to the development of effective intervention programmes. PURPOSE To examine family and home-environmental determinants of 1-year change in objectively measured sedentary time after-school and at the weekend. METHODS Participants wore accelerometers at baseline and 1(More)
Glaucoma affected the ability to detect low-contrast, flickering patterns ('DRC' measurement). DRC patterns were foveally viewed, of low spatial frequency, and flickering at 8 hertz. Interocular comparisons were performed in control subjects, in ocular hypertensives, and in glaucoma patients with asymmetric damage. Interocular differences in DRC tended to(More)
After radial keratotomy (RK) to correct myopia, some patients complain of 'glare'. Effects of a glare source on contrast sensitivity were measured in fifteen patients after unilateral RK. With each eye, determinations were made of the contrast required for detection of steady gratings (spatial frequencies of 0.7 and 2.9 cycles/deg), and for detection of(More)
BACKGROUND Few large studies have examined adolescents' views about increasing their physical activity (PA) to inform PA promotion. We assessed adolescent preference for activity type, co-participants, timing and location of PA promotion and examined patterns in their views by population subgroup. METHODS Participants (n=457) (Mean ± SD age: 14.3 ± 0.3(More)