Andrew I M Campbell

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The severity of asthma can be graded from mild intermittent to severe persistent. Airway inflammation is a feature of persistent asthma. We compared several markers of inflammation in mucosal biopsies and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BAL fluid) from 12 healthy control subjects, 24 patients with intermittent asthma, and 18 patients with mild-to-moderate(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary arterial hypertension is characterized by increased pulmonary vascular resistance secondary to a decrease in the caliber and number of pulmonary vascular channels. We hypothesized that the targeted overexpression of an angiogenic factor within the lung would potentially minimize the development and progression of pulmonary arterial(More)
Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1), a newly discovered ligand of the endothelial-specific tyrosine kinase receptor Tie-2, has been found to promote cell survival, vascular maturation, and stabilization. We hypothesized that Ang-1 gene transfer to the pulmonary microcirculation would improve pulmonary hemodynamics and vascular remodeling in experimental pulmonary(More)
In 31 patients with carcinoma of the breast the phenotype and activation status of tumour infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) was analysed by flow cytometry. The predominant cells, in all patients, were T lymphocytes and in the majority of cases CD8+ (cytotoxic/suppressor) T lymphocytes were present in greater numbers than CD4+ (helper) T lymphocytes. There was(More)
Helix pomatia agglutinin (HPA)- and Concanavalin A (Con A)-binding carbohydrate expression were studied on 32 tumour samples from primary adenocarcinoma of the breast and 12 samples from lymph node metastases. Live cells were spilled from each of the fresh samples and the extent of fluorescent-labelled HPA and Con A-binding was assessed by flow cytometry.(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary hypertension and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction are complications of sickle cell disease. Pulmonary hypertension is associated with hemolysis and hypoxia, but other unidentified factors are likely involved in pathogenesis as well. DESIGN AND METHODS Plasma concentrations of three angiogenic markers (fibroblast growth factor,(More)
The autologous and allogeneic immunological humoral response of breast cancer patients to breast tumours was investigated by ELISA assay of both the serum and the supernatants of transformed lymphocytes from the patients and controls. No specificity or increased titre relative to the controls was observed in serum antibody. However, when the response was(More)
In this work, we show that the asymmetrical distribution of mass at the surface of catalytic Janus swimmers results in the devices preferentially propelling themselves upward in a gravitational field. We demonstrate the existence of this gravitaxis phenomenon by observing the trajectories of fueled Janus swimmers, which generate thrust along a vector(More)
The advent of autonomous self-propulsion has instigated research towards making colloidal machines that can deliver mechanical work in the form of transport, and other functions such as sensing and cleaning. While much progress has been made in the last 10 years on various mechanisms to generate self-propulsion, the ability to steer self-propelled colloidal(More)
The majority of human anti-tumour monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) isolated to date have been disappointing. Firstly, they react or cross react with intracellular cytoskeletal proteins or nuclear antigens and therefore are of limited value as blood borne agents. They are also generally of the IgM isotype and show relatively low intrinsic affinity for the(More)