Andrew H. A. Clayton

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Graphical representation of fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy data demonstrates that a mixture of two components with single exponential decays can be resolved by single frequency measurements. We derive a method based on linear fitting that allows the calculation of the fluorescence lifetimes of the two components. We show that introduction of(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a member of the erbB tyrosine kinase family of receptors. For many years it has been believed that receptor activation occurs via a monomer-dimer transition that is associated with a conformational change to activate the kinase. However, little is known about the quaternary state of the receptor at normal(More)
We describe a novel variant of fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM), denoted anisotropy-FLIM or rFLIM, which enables the wide-field measurement of the anisotropy decay of fluorophores on a pixel-by-pixel basis. We adapted existing frequency-domain FLIM technology for rFLIM by introducing linear polarizers in the excitation and emission paths. The(More)
We report the implementation and exploitation of fluorescence polarization measurements, in the form of anisotropy fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (rFLIM) and energy migration Förster resonance energy transfer (emFRET) modalities, for wide-field, confocal laser-scanning microscopy and flow cytometry of cells. These methods permit the assessment of(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and its most common extracellular mutant, EGFRvIII, are important therapeutic targets in multiple cancer types. A number of monoclonal antibodies and small-molecule inhibitors against these receptors are now used for anticancer treatments. New insights into the structure and function of these receptors illustrate how(More)
Characterization of the association states of the unligated epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is important in understanding the mechanism of EGFR tyrosine kinase activation in a tumor cell environment. We analyzed, in detail, the association states of unligated, immunotagged EGFR on the surface of intact epidermoid carcinoma A431 cells, using(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) kinase is generally considered to be activated by either ligand-induced dimerisation or a ligand-induced conformational change within pre-formed dimers. We report the relationship between ligand-induced higher-order EGFR oligomerization and EGFR phosphorylation on the surface of intact cells. We have combined(More)
Protein-protein interactions play a pivotal role in biological signaling networks. It is highly desirable to perform experiments that can directly assess the oligomerization state and degree of oligomerization of biological macromolecules in their native environment. Homo-FRET depends on the inverse sixth power of separation between interacting like(More)
The amphipathic α-helix is a recognised structural motif that is shared by membrane-associating proteins and peptides of diverse function. The aim of this paper is to determine the orientation of an α-helical amphipathic peptide on the bilayer surface. We use five amphipathic 18-residue peptide analogues of a class A amphipathic peptide that is known to(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a member of the erbB tyrosine kinase family of receptors. Structural studies have revealed two distinct conformations of the ectodomain of the EGFR: a compact, tethered, conformation and an untethered extended conformation. In the context of a monomer-dimer transition model, ligand binding is thought to(More)