Andrew G. Winer

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Background: Tumor-infiltrating immune cells have been linked to prognosis and response to immunotherapy; however, the levels of distinct immune cell subsets and the signals that draw them into a tumor, such as the expression of antigen presenting machinery genes, remain poorly characterized. Here, we employ a gene expression-based computational method to(More)
PURPOSE We present our experience with the use of metallic stents (Wallstents®) in the management of malignant ureteral obstruction to maintain renal function, thereby permitting the use of chemotherapeutic agents to treat the underlying malignancy. PATIENTS AND METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the records of 24 patients with ureteral obstruction(More)
INTRODUCTION Pelvic congestion syndrome (PCS) is a complex condition of the pelvic venous system leading to nonspecific pelvic pain that was initially described in females alone. The underlying abnormalities, though diverse, all result in increased pressure in the left gonadal vein which is transmitted retrograde into the pelvic venous system. Our primary(More)
Interleukin (IL)-12 has antitumor effects in murine studies. To evaluate this clinically, we investigated whether high levels of circulating IL-12 in patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) are associated with improved relapse-free survival. We prospectively studied 134 patients undergoing HSCT. Median follow-up was 1158(More)
OBJECTIVES To present our experience with retrograde ureteral and/or renal access in patients with urinary diversion. Retrograde ureteral access may be indicated for treatment of malignancy, ureteroenteric anastomotic stricture disease, or nephrolithiasis, and, in patients with previous urinary diversion surgery, can be technically challenging. METHODS We(More)
PURPOSE Tumor size and stage are important prognostic parameters in renal cell carcinoma. While pathological stage T1 and T2 are defined by size alone, the presence of certain intrinsic features can up stage a tumor to pathological stage T3a regardless of size. We investigate the effect of pathological tumor stage on the relationship between tumor size and(More)
BACKGROUND Prior studies examining the value of lymph node (LN) dissection (LND) in patients with urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract (UTUC) have produced conflicting results. The objective of the current study was to assess the relationship between LN yield and survival among patients undergoing radical nephroureterectomy (RNU). METHODS The(More)
INTRODUCTION Lymph node dissection (LND) performed during radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) for upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) remains controversial and difficult to evaluate. The aim of this study was to investigate whether removal of more lymph nodes during RNU is safe and improves oncologic outcomes. METHODS We evaluated 422 patients who(More)
INTRODUCTION Penile cancer is a rare malignancy, and few guidelines are available to define treatment paradigms. For greater understanding of the natural history of surgically treated penile cancer, we analyzed the experience at our institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS Using an institutional database, we identified 127 patients treated for squamous cell(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The use of patient-controlled epidural analgesia after various operations has been associated with an early return of bowel function, thus decreasing patients' length of stay (LOS). The primary aim of this study was to compare LOS after radical cystectomy between patients who received epidural analgesia versus those who received(More)