Andrew G Roth

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UNLABELLED We assessed the efficacy and safety of ondansetron (0.1 mg/kg IV) prophylactically administered before surgery for prevention of postoperative vomiting (POV) in a double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 670 pediatric patients, 1- to 24-mo-old, undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia. The study enrolled 335 children in each(More)
Four cases of lower cheek reconstruction using the cervicopectoral rotation-advancement flap are reported. This fasciocutaneous flap can be raised quickly, provides excellent colour and texture match for the tissues of the face, and donor site morbidity is minimal. It is an especially useful method for lower cheek reconstruction following wide excision of(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the clinical performance of the Ambu Aura-i (Aura-i) in children. AIM To compare the Aura-i with the air-Q intubating laryngeal airway (air-Q) for the purposes of fiberoptic-guided tracheal intubation. BACKGROUND The Aura-i is a new supraglottic airway designed for tracheal intubation. MATERIALS/METHODS One hundred twenty(More)
BACKGROUND Tonsillectomy is associated with postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) if no prophylaxis is administered. Previous studies have shown that a single dose of dexamethasone decreases the incidence of PONV. The most effective dose of dexamethasone to affect clinical outcome is yet to be defined. METHODS One-hundred-twenty-five children were(More)
The air-Q intubating laryngeal airway (ILA) is a new supraglottic airway device which may overcome some limitations inherent to the classic laryngeal mask airway for tracheal intubation. We present a case series of patients with anticipated difficult airway in whom the air-Q ILA was successfully used as a conduit for fiberoptic intubation.
BACKGROUND The air-Q Intubating Laryngeal Airway (ILA) (Cookgas LLC, Mercury Medical, Clearwater, FL) is a supraglottic airway device available in pediatric sizes, with design features to facilitate passage of cuffed tracheal tubes when used to guide tracheal intubation. We designed this prospective observational study of the ILA to assess the ease of its(More)
BACKGROUND The authors' hypothesis was that a video-assisted technique should speed resident skill acquisition for flexible fiberoptic oral tracheal intubation (FI) of pediatric patients because the attending anesthesiologist can provide targeted instruction when sharing the view of the airway as the resident attempts intubation. METHODS Twenty Clinical(More)
BACKGROUND In this prospective, randomized, double-blind study, we compared the efficacy of 0.125% bupivacaine and epinephrine 1:200,000 with and without clonidine 2 microg.kg-1 for 'single shot' pediatric caudal analgesia. METHODS Thirty ASA I and II children, ages 2-8 years, undergoing outpatient surgical procedures below the umbilicus received 1(More)
The flexible ultrathin fibreoptic laryngoscope allows placement of endotracheal tubes as small as 2.5 mm internal diameter. The purpose of this study was to document the safety and efficacy of intubation using an ultrathin fibreoptic laryngoscope. Proved safety and efficacy would justify the routine use of fibreoptic laryngoscopy in normal infants to(More)