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Journals and Conferences
A comparison of numerical analyses with experimental measurements suggests that both the ray-tracing and the Gaussian beam-propagation models overestimate the misalignment tolerances for on-axis beams and fail to predict the large longitudinal focal shift that occurs for off-axis beams propagating in free-space optical interconnects.
We present a novel air-bridge subwavelength grating reflector with very high reflectivity to be used as a top mirror in a VCSEL structure. We explain the design method, model the structure using both RCWA and FDTD, and predict the characteristics of a Fabry-Perot structure built with this reflector. We describe the fabrication of the suspended grating.
A sinusoidal silver grating is used to create a six-fold enhancement of the SPR response compared to a flat surface. The grating parameters are chosen to create a surface plasmon bandgap and it is shown that the enhancement of the sensitivity to bulk sample index occurs when operating near the bandgap. The Kretschmann configuration is considered and the… (More)
Invited Paper This paper discusses short-distance optical interconnects for general-purpose distributed digital systems. We describe the technology required to optically interconnect elements that are distributed across multiple packaging layers. This includes chips on a board, boards in a backplane, and shelves within a bay. The focus of this paper will be… (More)
A vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser based bidirectional free-space optical interconnect has been implemented to interconnect two printed circuit boards. A total of 512 clustered channels with a density of 2844 channels/cm2 are transmitted over a distance of 83 mm. The optical interconnect is a combination of refractive microlenses and diffractive… (More)
The design and the implementation of a modular spot-array generator for a modulator-based free-space optical interconnect is presented. Two cascaded diffractive optical elements produce 4 x 8 clusters on a 1600 microm x 800 microm pitch, where each cluster is a 4 x 4 array of (1/e(2)) 13.1-microm-radius spots on a 90-microm pitch. The spot-array generator… (More)
The implementation of a 10-channel parallel optical interconnect consisting of a two-dimensional array of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers, a 1.35-m fiber image guide, and a metal-semiconductor-metal receiver array is described. Transmission rates of 250 Mbits/s per channel are demonstrated with an optical cross talk of less than -27 dB and a loss of… (More)
We report on the implementation of a dense 512-beam free-space optical interconnect linking four optoelectronic VLSI chips at the backplane level. The system presented maximizes the positioning tolerances of the components by use of slow f-number (f/16) Gaussian beams and oversized apertures. A beam-clustering scheme whereby a 4 x 4 array of beams is… (More)
A numerical analysis indicates that tolerance stackup effects in free-space optical interconnects are significant even for short systems containing few components. Results prove that worst-case or root-sum-square analyses are not adequate to predict probable performance accurately. A Monte Carlo analysis must be performed.
Due to ultra high quality factor (10(6) - 10(9)), axisymmetric optical microcavities are popular platforms for biosensing applications. It has been recently demonstrated that a microcavity biosensor can track a biodetection event as a function of its quality factor by using phase shift cavity ring down spectroscopy (PS-CRDS). However, to achieve maximum… (More)