Andrew G. Jeffs

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The pelagic life history phase of reef fishes and decapod crustaceans is complex, and the evolutionary drivers and ecological consequences of this life history strategy remain largely speculative. There is no doubt, however, that this life history phase is very significant in the demographics of reef populations. Here, we initially discuss the ecology and(More)
The larvae or phyllosomes of many species of spiny lobsters (Palinuridae) are known to complete their development in offshore oceanic waters. Phyllosomes metamorphose to non-feeding, nektonic post-larvae or pueruli, which move into shallow coastal waters where they settle to become benthic dwelling juveniles. There is growing evidence that the movement of(More)
The feeding of the late larval stages of the spiny lobster, Panulirus cygnus, and the energy reserves used by the non-feeding post-larvae for crossing the continental shelf of Western Australia were examined through their lipid composition. Lipid was a significant component of the biomass of all larval and post-larval samples (range 63-213 mg g(-1) of dry(More)
Lipid is known to fuel the movement of the nektonic puerulus stage of the spiny lobster Jasus edwardsii across the continental shelf of New Zealand. Lipid class analysis of pueruli caught from two locations across the continental shelf showed that phospholipid predominated (86-96% of total lipid), with only smaller proportions of sterol (0.9-8.7%) and(More)
Signature lipid analyses were used to identify the natural prey of the pelagic phyllosoma larvae of the spiny lobster Jasus edwardsii. Lipid class, fatty acid and sterol composition were determined for associated potential prey items and for phyllosomes captured between 50 and 90 km offshore from the northeastern coast of New Zealand. Phospholipid was the(More)
A systematic study of the ambient noise in the shallow coastal waters of north-eastern New Zealand shows large temporal variability in acoustic power levels between seasons, moon phase and the time of day. Ambient noise levels were highest during the new moon and the lowest during the full moon. Ambient noise levels were also significantly higher during(More)
The mechanisms by which reef fish larvae locate settlement habitat at the end of their pelagic phase are unclear. We used an in situ binary choice chamber and an artificial source of reef sound to determine whether pomacentrid larvae can use ambient sound to locate reefs. Larvae were caught in light traps and then placed in a submerged binary choice chamber(More)
The stomach contents of the larvae of marine animals are usually very small in quantity and amorphous, especially in invertebrates, making morphological methods of identification very difficult. Nucleotide sequence analysis using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a likely approach, but the large quantity of larval (host) DNA present may mask subtle signals(More)
The development from the non-feeding post-larva (puerulus) to the first instar juvenile of spiny lobsters is highly energetically demanding. These demands may greatly compromise the energy reserves of the lobsters following settlement, leading to reduced growth and survival in the wild, and also in aquaculture. Therefore, the lipid class and fatty acid(More)