Andrew G. Bean

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TNF and lymphotoxin-alpha (LT alpha) may act at various stages of the host response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis. To dissect the effects of TNF independent of LT alpha, we have used C57BL/6 mice with a disruption of the TNF gene alone (TNF-/-). Twenty-one days following aerosol M. tuberculosis infection there was a marked increase in the number of(More)
Although it is well established that CD4(+) T cells are required for the protective immune response against tuberculosis (TB), there is some evidence that CD8(+) T cells are also involved in the host response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis. There is, however, a paucity of information on the pulmonary CD8(+) T-cell response during infection. We therefore have(More)
Immune responses rely on an intricate system of adhesion molecules to coordinate the homing and retention of lymphocytes in both secondary lymphoid tissues and at sites of infection. To define the events associated with pulmonary immune responses, the expression of endothelial addressins and integrins on T cells was analyzed during Mycobacterium(More)
The thymus is colonized by circulating progenitor cells that differentiate into mature T cells under the influence of the thymic microenvironment. We report here the cloning and function of the avian thymocyte Ag ChT1, a member of the Ig superfamily with one V-like and one C2-like domain. ChT1-positive embryonic bone marrow cells coexpressing c-kit give(More)
We investigated the ability of interleukin 10 (IL-10) to protect mice against lethal shock induced by staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB). Treatment of mice with IL-10 prevented the death of mice injected with SEB in a dose-dependent manner. IL-10-mediated protection was apparent when administered either prior to or concurrent with SEB but was less effective(More)
Phenotypic profiles of the thymic stromal components provide an excellent approach to elucidating the nature of the microenvironment of this organ. To address this issue in chickens, we have produced an extensive panel of 18 mAb to the thymic stroma. These mAb have been extensively characterized with respect to their phenotypic specificities and reveal that(More)
The development of more effective anti-tuberculosis (TB) vaccines would contribute to the global control of TB. Understanding the activated/memory T cell response to mycobacterial infection and identifying immunological correlates of protective immunity will facilitate the design and assessment of new candidate vaccines. Therefore, we investigated the(More)
Any link between pancreatic carcinoma and chronic pancreatitis could reflect the malignant potential of a chronic inflammatory process. Four patients with ductal adenocarcinomas had a long history of pancreatic pain (median duration 5 years) and showed clear-cut evidence of chronic pancreatitis "downstream" of the tumour. Four were alcoholics and two heavy(More)
The resolution of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) critically depends on the development of the Th1 type of immune responses, as exemplified by the exacerbation of TB in IL-12-deficient mice. Therefore, vaccination strategies optimizing IL-12 production by antigen-presenting cells (APC) in response to mycobacteria may have enhanced protective efficacy. Since(More)