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This paper presents a solution to the problem of matching personal names in Eng-lish to the same names represented in Arabic script. Standard string comparison measures perform poorly on this task due to varying transliteration conventions in both languages and the fact that Arabic script does not usually represent short vowels. Significant improvement is(More)
Mescaline and phencyclidine (PCP) are potent hallucinogenic agents affecting human and animal behavior. As their psychotropic effects remain poorly understood, further research is necessary to characterize phenotypes they evoke in various animal models. Zebrafish (Danio rerio) are rapidly emerging as a new model organism for neuroscience research. Here, we(More)
Ethanol ataxia experiments with rats investigated cue effects on conditioned tolerance. Spontaneous recovery (SR) was assessed 1 day and 18 days after extinction with conditioned stimuli (CSs) paired or unpaired with an ethanol unconditioned stimulus (US). Behavioral tolerance was assessed by not tilting the apparatus during conditioning. Non-associative(More)
In May 2013, GlaxoSmithKline (980 Great West Road, Brentford, Middlesex, TW8 9GS, UK) established a new online system to enable scientific researchers to request access to anonymised patient level clinical trial data. Providing access to individual patient data collected in clinical trials enables conduct of further research that may help advance medical(More)
INTRODUCTION In a context of constrained resources, the efficacy of interventions is a pivotal aim of healthcare systems worldwide. Efficacy of healthcare interventions is highly compromised if clinical reasoning (CR), the process that practitioners use to plan, direct, perform and reflect on client care, is not optimal. The CR process of health(More)
S patient-level data from clinical trials can improve the quality of research and our understanding of disease and medical treatments. Various concerns have been voiced about data sharing; they involve privacy, consent, intellectual property, costs, infrastructure, data standards, freeriding researchers, and potentially erroneous conclusions. Many of these(More)
Errors in machine translations of English-Iraqi Arabic dialogues were analyzed at two different points in the systems " development using HTER methods to identify errors and human annotations to refine TER annotations. Although the frequencies of errors in the more mature systems were lower, the proportions of error types exhibited little change. Results(More)
In this week's PLOS Medicine, Modjarrad and colleagues report the outcome of a World Health Organisation (WHO) consultation on developing global norms for sharing data and results during public health emergencies, with a focus on clinical, epidemiologic, and genetic features of emerging infectious diseases as well as experimental diagnostics, therapeutics,(More)
Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) is a type of non-melanoma skin cancer prevalent in immune-suppressed transplant recipients and older individuals with a history of chronic sun-exposure. SCC itself is believed to be a late-stage manifestation that can develop from premalignant lesions including Intraepidermal Carcinoma (IEC). Notably, while SCC regression is(More)