Andrew Firlik

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OBJECTIVE In patients with traumatic or ischemic brain injury, hyperthermia is thought to worsen the neurological injury. We studied fever in the neurosurgical intensive care unit (ICU) population using a definition common to surgical practice (rectal temperature >38.5 degrees C). We sought to determine fever incidence, fever duration, and peak temperature(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The ischemic core and penumbra have not been thoroughly characterized after acute cerebral thromboembolic occlusion in humans. Differentiation between areas of potentially viable and irreversibly injured ischemic tissue may facilitate assessment and treatment of stroke patients. METHODS Cerebral blood flow (CBF) was measured in 20(More)
In this study the authors have examined the effects of transluminal angioplasty on cerebral blood flow (CBF) in the management of intractable vasospasm following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Fourteen consecutively enrolled patients underwent attempted angioplasty with or without intraarterial infusion of papaverine. Twelve patients underwent(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether recanalization, coma at presentation, or clot location in the basilar artery influences the relative mortality risk after intra-arterial thrombolytic therapy for acute vertebrobasilar artery occlusions. METHODS Studies were identified using the MEDLINE database for January 1987 to November 1997. Series were included if they(More)
BACKGROUND Intra-arterial papaverine (IAP) has been described as a treatment for cerebral vasospasm refractory to standard therapy. METHODS We report a series of 15 consecutive patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage in which IAP was employed for the treatment of symptomatic vasospasm. All patients exhibited delayed ischemic neurologic deficits,(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Early intervention remains the key to acute ischemic stroke therapy. Many patients whose deficits would later resolve without intervention are exposed to the risks of stroke treatment without benefit. The purpose of this study was to determine whether patients with transient deficits could be distinguished from patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE The optimal management of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) in critical brain locations remains controversial. To reduce the risk of an AVM hemorrhage and to enhance the possibility of preserving neurological function, stereotactic radiosurgery was performed in 33 patients with newly diagnosed or residual AVMs located within the motor cortex. The(More)
Peer review is the process by which scientific articles are evaluated and selected for publication. To clarify this procedure for readers and writers, the authors present a detailed description of peer review at the Journal of Neurosurgery (JNS) in the context of other journals. They discuss the unique characteristics of JNS's peer-review process and how it(More)
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE We describe the successful treatment of symptomatic giant arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) using staged volume radiosurgery followed by microsurgical resection. CLINICAL PRESENTATION A 57-year-old man presented with Spetzler-Martin Grade 5 AVMs, with persistent headaches and seizures. He had previously undergone eight attempts(More)
Reports of intraarterial papaverine infusion as treatment for cerebral vasospasm are few and documented complications are uncommon. The authors report the case of a patient with paradoxical aggravation of cerebral arterial narrowing during selective intraarterial papaverine infusion intended to treat vasospasm following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage(More)