Andrew Fensome

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Progesterone receptor (PR) modulators have evolved both structurally and mechanistically over the past half-century. Classical steroidal PR agonists continue to play an important role in women's health such as in oral contraception and post-menopausal hormone therapy whereas steroid-based PR antagonists and selective PR modulators are being evaluated(More)
Kinases constitute an important class of therapeutic targets being explored both by academia and the pharmaceutical industry. The major focus of this effort was directed toward the identification of ATP competitive inhibitors. Although it has long been recognized that the intracellular concentration of ATP is very different from the concentrations utilized(More)
During the course of our studies on 3,3-disubstituted-5-aryloxindoles derived progesterone receptor (PR) antagonists we discovered that changing the amide funtionality to a thio-amide resulted in compounds displaying potent PR agonist activity. In this communication, the synthesis, structure activity relationships (SAR) and in vivo activity of various(More)
Progesterone receptor (PR) agonists have several important applications in women's health, such as in oral contraception and post-menopausal hormone therapy. Currently, all PR agonists used clinically are steroids. Because of their interactions with other steroid receptors, steroid-metabolizing enzymes, or other steroid-signaling pathways, these drugs can(More)
We have continued to explore the 3,3-dialkyl-5-aryloxindole series of progesterone receptor (PR) modulators looking for new agents to be used in female healthcare: contraception, fibroids, endometriosis, and certain breast cancers. Previously we reported that subtle structural changes with this and related templates produced functional switches between(More)
We previously disclosed that 6-aryl benzoxazin-2-ones were PR modulators. In a continuation of this work we examined the SAR of new 6-arylamino benzoxazinones and found the targets 1-25, with an extra amino linker between the pendent 6-aryl groups and benzoxazinone or benzoxazine-2-thione core, were PR antagonists. A series of compounds with substituents at(More)
We have recently discovered 5-(3-cyclopentyl-2-thioxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carbonitrile (14) as a potent, selective, and orally active non-steroidal progesterone receptor (PR) agonist. Compound 14 and its analog 13 possessed sub-nanomolar in vitro potency (EC(50) 0.1-0.5nM) in the T47D alkaline phosphatase assay, similar(More)
Novel 7-aryl benzo[1,4]oxazepin-2-ones were synthesized and evaluated as non-steroidal progesterone receptor (PR) modulators. The structure activity relationship of 7-aryl benzo[1,4]oxazepinones was examined using the T47D cell alkaline phosphatase assay. A number of 7-aryl benzo[1,4]oxazepinones such as 10j and 10v demonstrated good in vitro potency(More)
We have previously reported that the aryl substituted benzimidazolones, benzoxazinones, and oxindoles (e.g., 1-3) are progesterone receptor (PR) antagonists and have recently disclosed that the nature of 5- and 6-aryl moieties played a critical role in PR functional activity in the oxindole and benzoxazinone templates. For example, replacing the phenyl(More)
The functional activity of 6-aryl benzoxazinone-based progesterone (PR) antagonists changed to PR agonism when the 2-carbonyl group was replaced by a 2-thiocarbonyl moiety. Based on this finding novel 6-aryl benzoxazine-2-thiones were synthesized and evaluated as PR agonists in various in vitro and in vivo assays. Several analogues had sub-nanomolar in(More)