Andrew Fenelon

Learn More
BACKGROUND In many developed countries, immigrants live longer-that is, have lower death rates at most or all ages-than native-born residents. This article tests whether different levels of smoking-related mortality can explain part of the 'healthy immigrant effect' in the USA, as well as part of the related 'Hispanic paradox': the tendency for US Hispanics(More)
More than three decades of health disparities research in the United States has consistently found lower adult mortality risks among Hispanics than their non-Hispanic white counterparts, despite lower socioeconomic status among Hispanics. Explanations for the "Hispanic Paradox" include selective migration and cultural factors, though neither has received(More)
G.C. Williams's 1957 hypothesis famously argues that higher age-independent, or "extrinsic," mortality should select for faster rates of senescence. Long-lived species should therefore show relatively few deaths from extrinsic causes such as predation and starvation. Theoretical explorations and empirical tests of Williams's hypothesis have flourished in(More)
Major Causes of Injury Death and the Life Expectancy Gap Between theUnited States andOther High-Income Countries The United States experiences lower life expectancy at birth thanmanyotherhigh-incomecountries.Althoughresearchhas focused on mortality of the population older than 50 years, much of this life expectancy gap reflectsmortality at younger(More)
We examine trends in the Hispanic longevity advantage between 1990 and 2010, focusing on the contribution of cigarette smoking. We calculate life expectancy at age 50 for Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites between 1990 and 2010. We use an indirect method to calculate the contribution of smoking to changes over time in life expectancy. Among women, the(More)
BACKGROUND The rate of mortality increase with age among adults is typically used as a measure of the rate of functional decline associated with aging or senescence. While black and white populations differ in the level of mortality, mortality also rises less rapidly with age for blacks than for whites, leading to the well-known black/white mortality(More)
Religious disaffiliation-leaving the religious tradition in which one was raised for no religious affiliation in adulthood-has become more common in recent years, though few studies have examined its consequences for the health and well-being of individuals. We use an innovative approach, comparing the health and subjective well-being of religious(More)
OVER the years a large amount of literature has accumulated on the subject of ratemeters. Acknowledgement of all this material is not possible and for this reason only those papers which are of specific interest to this paper will be referred to. The authors ' excuse for adding to this already voluminous literature is that in the field of biomedical(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine whether access to housing assistance is associated with better health among low-income adults. METHODS We used National Health Interview Survey data (1999-2012) linked to US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) administrative records (1999-2014) to examine differences in reported fair or poor health and psychological(More)