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Raised risks of several cancers have been found in patients with type II diabetes, but there are few data on cancer risk in type I diabetes. We conducted a cohort study of 28 900 UK patients with insulin-treated diabetes followed for 520 517 person-years, and compared their cancer incidence and mortality with national expectations. To analyse by diabetes(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of the addition of insulin when maximal sulfonylurea therapy is inadequate in individuals with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Glycemic control, hypoglycemia, and body weight were monitored over 6 years in 826 patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes in 8 of 23 U.K. Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS)(More)
Although ischaemic heart disease is the predominant cause of mortality in older people with diabetes, age-specific mortality rates have not been published for patients with Type 1 diabetes. The Diabetes UK cohort, essentially one of patients with Type 1 diabetes, now has sufficient follow-up to report all heart disease, and specifically ischaemic heart(More)
The proportions of slow and fast acetylators in a group of diabetics with symptomatic peripheral neuropathy were compared with those in a group of diabetics who had had the disease for at least 10 years without developing neuropathy. There was a significantly higher proportion of fast acetylators in the group of diabetics without neuropathy than in those(More)
AIMS To assess mortality in patients with diabetes incident under the age of 30 years. METHODS A cohort of 23 752 diabetic patients diagnosed under the age of 30 years from throughout the United Kingdom was identified during 1972-93 and followed up to February 1997. Following notification of deaths during this period, age- and sex-specific mortality(More)
Diabetic renal disease is more common in patients of Asian ethnic origin than White Caucasians in the United Kingdom. This study determines whether a disparity in the incidence of end-stage renal failure secondary to diabetes mellitus exists between these ethnic groups. The incidence of treated end-stage renal failure was estimated using the person-time at(More)
AIMS To measure cause-specific mortality, by age, in patients with insulin-treated diabetes incident at a young age. METHODS A cohort of 23 752 patients with insulin-treated diabetes diagnosed under the age of 30 years, from throughout the United Kingdom, was identified during 1972-93 and followed to February 1997. Death certificates have been obtained(More)
1. An increase in capillary blood flow and pressure has been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic microangiopathy. Abnormal vascular reactivity of the resistance vasculature may play a contributory role by permitting alterations in regional haemodynamics. 2. We have studied the contractile behavior of isolated resistance arteries from normotensive(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Disease of the cardiovascular system is the main cause of long-term complications and mortality in patients with type I (insulin-dependent) and type II (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes. Cerebrovascular mortality rates have been shown to be raised in patients with type II diabetes but have not previously been reported by age and sex in(More)
The relative risk of death by calendar date of diagnosis was investigated in a population-based incident cohort of 845 (463 males:382 females) IDDM diagnosed in Leicestershire before the age of 17 years between 1940 and 1989. The mortality status of 844 (99.9%) patients was determined as of the 31 December 1991, representing 14,346 person-years of risk.(More)