Andrew F Woodhouse

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Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients is usually treated with trimethoprim (TMP)-sulfamethoxazole (SMX) 1920 mg 3 times daily (approximately equivalent to TMP 15 mg/kg/day-SMX 75 mg/kg/day) for 21 days. Pharmacokinetic data suggest that lower doses would be equally efficacious and might be associated(More)
CONTEXT Recent studies have reported low bone mineral density (BMD) in HIV-infected patients. Annual iv administration of 4 mg zoledronate has been shown to increase BMD and suppress bone turnover in postmenopausal women. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to determine whether annual administration of 4 mg zoledronate will increase BMD in(More)
AIM To review the Auckland Hospital Outpatient Parenteral Antimicrobial Therapy (OPAT) Service. METHODS Patients (>15 years of age) were referred to the Service and assessed for suitability for outpatient therapy by an infectious diseases physician and a specialist nurse. Patient demographics, referring service, site of infection, and infecting organism,(More)
New Zealand has experienced an epidemic of predominantly serogroup B meningococcal disease during the past decade. In a prospective study, we treated adults (age, >15 years) with meningococcal disease with intravenous benzyl penicillin (12 MU [7.2 g] per day) for 3 days. Sixty-one adults with suspected meningococcal disease were consecutively admitted(More)
OBJECTIVE Recently we reported that human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected Caucasian men treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) have normal weight-adjusted bone mineral density (BMD), in contrast to most other cross-sectional analyses, which have reported low BMD in HIV-infected patients. We have now addressed the question of whether(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent studies have reported low bone mineral density (BMD) in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Frequently these findings have been attributed to treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). We sought to determine whether BMD in HIV-infected men treated with HAART for at least 3 months is different from(More)
BACKGROUND Short-course treatment of meningococcal disease (including meningitis) with 4-5 days of an i.v. beta-lactam is of proven efficacy. Since April 1998, all adult patients with meningococcal disease admitted to Auckland Hospital were prospectively treated with 3 days of i.v. benzylpenicillin. AIMS To assess the clinical features, laboratory(More)
OBJECTIVES Prosthetic joint infection is usually treated using surgery and antibiotics. The response to the treatment regimen is often evaluated using serial monitoring of plasma C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations. In order to examine how useful this monitoring is, we calculated the sensitivity and specificity of CRP concentrations for predicting(More)
BACKGROUND The aims of this study were to determine the clinical characteristics on arrival and the subsequent clinical outcome of HIV-infected UN quota refugees who settled in New Zealand during the last 11 years and to estimate their rate of HIV transmission. METHODS A population study was conducted. Data were provided by the Mangere Refugee(More)
We report a nonfatal case of streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (STSS) caused by a Streptococcus pyogenes emm118 strain encoding a novel variant of streptococcal mitogenic exotoxin Z (SMEZ-34). This variant was responsible for the major mitogenic activity in the cell culture supernatant. Patient sera showed seroconversion toward SMEZ, implying a role for(More)