Andrew F. Kuntz

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OBJECTIVES Compartment syndrome is a devastating complication of tibial fractures. The purpose of this study was to investigate the rate of clinically determined compartment syndrome requiring surgical intervention in tibial fractures by anatomical region and to identify the associated patient and injury factors. DESIGN Retrospective cohort. SETTING(More)
BACKGROUND a rat model of supraspinatus overuse has suggested mechanisms governing tendon degeneration; however, delineating which changes are pathologic or simply physiologic adaptations to increased loading remains a question. The objective of this study was to develop and characterize a rat exercise model that induces systemic and local shoulder(More)
As the largest and most powerful rotator cuff muscle, the subscapularis plays a critical role in proper shoulder function. The diagnosis of subscapularis tears is made based on history and physical examination and confirmed with imaging studies. Historically, subscapularis tears have been addressed in an open fashion. Recent literature has demonstrated(More)
Twenty-five years ago, the Journal of Orthopaedic Research published its first volume, which included five articles covering topics in tendon and ligament research. Since then, the body of tendon and ligament research has continued to increase exponentially. This review summarizes major advancements in tendon and ligament research since the initial(More)
High cholesterol represents a significant healthcare problem. Clinical studies have linked hypercholesterolemia to Achilles tendon xanthomas and rotator cuff tears, and research in other systems indicates detrimental effects of high cholesterol; however, understanding of its impact on tendon properties and healing is limited. We hypothesized that tendons(More)
BACKGROUND More elderly patients are becoming candidates for total shoulder arthroplasty with an increase in frequency of the procedure paralleling the rise in other total joint arthroplasties. Controversy still exists, however, regarding the perioperative morbidity of total joint arthroplasty in elderly patients, particularly those 80 years of age and(More)
BACKGROUND Surgical repairs of torn rotator cuff tendons frequently fail. Immobilization has been shown to improve tissue mechanical properties in an animal model of rotator cuff repair, and passive motion has been shown to improve joint mechanics in animal models of flexor tendon repair. Our objective was to determine if daily passive motion would improve(More)
The mouse has proven to be an advantageous animal model system in basic science research focused on aiding in development and evaluation of potential treatments; however, the small size of mouse tendons makes consistent and reproducible injury models and subsequent biomechanical evaluation challenging for studying tendon healing. In this study, we(More)
Shoulder tendon injuries are frequently seen in the presence of abnormal scapular motion, termed scapular dyskinesis. The cause and effect relationship between scapular dyskinesis and shoulder injury has not been directly defined. We developed and used an animal model to examine the initiation and progression of pathological changes in the rotator cuff and(More)
The proton affinity of proline analogs, L-azetidine-2-carboxylic acid (Aze), L-proline (Pro), and L-pipecolic acid (Pip), have been measured using the Armentrout modification of the extended kinetic method in a quadrupole ion trap instrument. Experimental values of 223.0 +/- 1.5, 224.9 +/- 1.6, and 225.6 +/- 1.6 kcal/mol have been determined for the 298K(More)