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Five familial cases (in two families) and one sporadic case of a new congenital myasthenic syndrome were investigated. Symptoms arise in infancy or later life. Typically, one finds selective involvement of cervical, scapular, and finger extensor muscles, ophthalmoparesis, and variable involvement of other muscles. There is a repetitive muscle action(More)
Mutations in genes encoding the epsilon, delta, beta and alpha subunits of the end plate acetylcholine (ACh) receptor (AChR) are described and functionally characterized in three slow-channel congenital myasthenic syndrome patients. All three had prolonged end plate currents and AChR channel opening episodes and an end plate myopathy with loss of AChR from(More)
Peroxidase-conjugated alpha-bungarotoxin (P-BGT) was used for the ultrastructural localization of the acetylcholine receptor in end-plates in external intercostal muscles of four patients with myasthenia gravis, in forelimb digit extensor muscles of rats with advanced chronic experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis, and in suitable human and rat controls.(More)
We describe the genetic and kinetic defects for a low-affinity fast channel disease of the acetylcholine receptor (AChR) that causes a myasthenic syndrome. In two unrelated patients with very small miniature end plate (EP) potentials, but with normal EP AChR density and normal EP ultrastructure, patch-clamp studies demonstrated infrequent AChR channel(More)
Choline acetyltransferase (ChAT; EC ) catalyzes the reversible synthesis of acetylcholine (ACh) from acetyl CoA and choline at cholinergic synapses. Mutations in genes encoding ChAT affecting motility exist in Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila, but no CHAT mutations have been observed in humans to date. Here we report that mutations in CHAT cause a(More)
In the freeze-fractured presynaptic membrane of the motor end-plate, the active zones consist of two parallel arrays and each array contains 10- to 12-nm particles arranged in two rows. In the Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS) and in mice treated with 10 mg/day of LEMS IgG, administered intraperitoneally for several weeks, there was a paucity and(More)
We have found that mutant acetylcholine receptor channels (AChRs) that cause slow-channel congenital myasthenic syndromes are activated by serum and that the high frequency of openings in serum is reduced by treatment with choline oxidase. Thus, slow-channel congenital myasthenic syndrome AChRs at the neuromuscular junction are likely to be activated both(More)
The syntrophins are modular adapter proteins that function by recruiting signaling molecules to the cytoskeleton via their direct association with proteins of the dystrophin protein family. We investigated the physiological function of beta2-syntrophin by generating a line of mice lacking this syntrophin isoform. The beta2-syntrophin null mice show no overt(More)
In five members of a family and another unrelated person affected by a slow-channel congenital myasthenic syndrome (SCCMS), molecular genetic analysis of acetylcholine receptor (AChR) subunit genes revealed a heterozygous G to A mutation at nucleotide 457 of the alpha subunit, converting codon 153 from glycine to serine (alpha G153S). Electrophysiologic(More)
We describe a congenital myasthenic syndrome associated with severe end-plate (EP) acetylcholine receptor (AChR) deficiency not associated with an EP myopathy, and with evidence of immature AChR, containing the gamma instead of the epsilon subunit (gamma-AChR) at the EPs. Molecular genetic analysis of AChR-subunit genes revealed two mutations in the(More)