Andrew Elvington

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Hepatic steatosis typically renders the donor organ unusable, as donor organs with >30% steatosis are more likely to develop graft failure. The mechanisms leading to failure are not well defined, but steatosis enhances hepatic susceptibility to ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI). We investigated the role of complement in hepatic IRI in lean and steatotic(More)
The complement system is a component of the immune system involved in both recognition and response to pathogens, and it is implicated in an increasing number of homeostatic and disease processes. It is well documented that reperfusion of ischemic tissue results in complement activation and an inflammatory response that causes post-reperfusion injury. This(More)
Self-reactive natural Abs initiate injury following ischemia and reperfusion of certain tissues, but their role in ischemic stroke is unknown. We investigated neoepitope expression in the postischemic brain and the role of natural Abs in recognizing these epitopes and mediating complement-dependent injury. A novel IgM mAb recognizing a subset of(More)
There is mounting evidence indicating an important role for complement in the pathogenesis of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury, or ischemic stroke. The role of the alternative complement pathway in ischemic stroke has not been investigated, and there is conflicting data on the role of the terminal pathway. In this study, we show that compared with(More)
ATSM in a rabbit model Xingyu Nie1, 2, Richard Laforest1, Andrew Elvington3, Gwendalyn J. Randolph3, Jie Zheng1, Tom Voller1, Dana R. Abendschein3,4, Suzanne E. Lapi1, 2, 3, Pamela K. Woodard1, 2, 5 Affiliations 1. Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA 2. Department of Biomedical Engineering,(More)
Reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) is the pathway for removal of peripheral tissue cholesterol and involves transport of cholesterol back to liver for excretion, starting from cellular cholesterol efflux facilitated by lipid-free apolipoprotein A1 (ApoA1) or other lipidated high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles within the interstitial space.(More)
Complement promotes neuroinflammation and injury in models of stroke. However, complement is also being increasingly implicated in repair and regeneration after central nervous system (CNS) injury, and some complement deficiencies have been shown to provide acute, but not subacute, protection after murine stroke. Here, we investigate the dual role of(More)
The macrophage-rich core of advanced human atheroma has been demonstrated to be hypoxic, which may have implications in plaque stability. The goal of this study was to determine the feasibility of the hypoxia PET imaging agent 64Cu-ATSM to detect hypoxia in a rabbit model of atherosclerosis imaged on a simultaneous PET/MR scanner, using MR for both(More)
INTRODUCTION Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. The identification of vulnerable plaque at risk of rupture has been a major focus of research. Hypoxia has been identified as a potential factor in the formation of vulnerable plaque, and it is clear that decreased oxygen plays a role in the development of plaque(More)
RATIONALE Ambient temperature is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Cold weather increases cardiovascular events, but paradoxically, cold exposure is metabolically protective because of UCP1 (uncoupling protein 1)-dependent thermogenesis. OBJECTIVE We sought to determine the differential effects of ambient environmental temperature challenge and(More)
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