Andrew E. Radbill

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The dorsal gastrula organizer plays a fundamental role in establishment of the vertebrate axis. We demonstrate that the zebrafish bozozok (boz) locus is required at the blastula stages for formation of the embryonic shield, the equivalent of the gastrula organizer and expression of multiple organizer-specific genes. Furthermore, boz is essential for(More)
BACKGROUND Melanoma is the primary malignancy that is most likely to metastasize to the brain. Because such an event carries an almost uniformly poor prognosis, the current study reviewed outcomes and identified associated prognostic indicators for 51 consecutive patients receiving gamma knife (GK) radiosurgery in the initial treatment of 188 intracranial(More)
BACKGROUND Adaptation of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) systems to the needs of pediatric and congenital heart patients is problematic due to constraints of vascular and thoracic anatomy. An improved understanding of the defibrillation energy and postshock pacing requirements in such patients may help direct more tailored ICD therapy. We(More)
BACKGROUND Dexmedetomidine is commonly used after congenital heart surgery and may be associated with a decreased incidence of postoperative tachyarrhythmias. Using a large cohort of patients undergoing congenital heart surgery, we examined for an association between dexmedetomidine use in the immediate postoperative period and subsequent arrhythmia(More)
BACKGROUND Permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia (PJRT) is an uncommon form of supraventricular tachycardia in children. Treatment of this arrhythmia has been considered difficult because of a high medication failure rate and risk of cardiomyopathy. Outcomes in the current era of interventional treatment with catheter ablation have not been(More)
Multicenter clinical registries are increasingly recognized as valuable tools for establishing benchmarks, facilitating patient-centered quality improvement and research. In 2010, the Pediatric and Congenital Electrophysiology Society convened a taskforce of its members to design, construct, and implement a clinical registry known as the Multicenter(More)
BACKGROUND Nontransvenous (NTV) implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) systems with pericardial and/or subcutaneous coils are used in select pediatric and congenital heart disease patients who are not candidates for transvenous ICD leads. Outcomes with these hybrid configurations are not well understood. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to(More)
BACKGROUND Antitachycardia pacing (ATP) can reduce implantable cardioverter-defibrillator shocks, but its use in children and patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) is not well described. OBJECTIVE To review the efficacy of ATP in children and patients with CHD. METHODS We reviewed implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapies in children and(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical spectrum and underlying pathophysiology of isolated congenital complete heart block (CCHB) remain incompletely understood. Aortic dilation has been anecdotally observed in some children with CCHB, but detailed reports are lacking. OBJECTIVE This study sought to systematically describe aortic size in children with CCHB and to(More)
Viral oncolytic therapy for malignant brain tumors involves local intratumoral delivery of a genetically engineered virus with tumor cell—specific lytic activity. Promising preliminary results have been achieved in preclinical models with G207, a replication-competent herpes simplex virus type 1 constructed with multiple directed mutations. Although the(More)