Andrew Durward

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Base deficit is a parameter often used to guide further treatment in acidotic children and is taken as a measure of how "sick" they are. Five children with septic shock are presented who had persisting base deficit after large volume resuscitation with 0.9% saline. Stewart's strong ion theory of acid-base balance is able to quantify the causes of metabolic(More)
We report a case of measles inclusion-body encephalitis (MIBE) occurring in an apparently healthy 21-month-old boy 8.5 months after measles-mumps-rubella vaccination. He had no prior evidence of immune deficiency and no history of measles exposure or clinical disease. During hospitalization, a primary immunodeficiency characterized by a profoundly depressed(More)
BACKGROUND Observational studies in adults have shown a worse outcome associated with hyperoxia after resuscitation from cardiac arrest. Extrapolating from adult data, current pediatric resuscitation guidelines recommend avoiding hyperoxia. We investigated the relationship between arterial partial oxygen pressure and survival in patients admitted to the(More)
AIMS To assess the impact of two paediatric intensive care unit retrieval teams on the performance of three mortality risk scoring systems: pre-ICU PRISM, PIM, and PRISM II. METHODS A total of 928 critically ill children retrieved for intensive care from district general hospitals in the south east of England (crude mortality 7.8%) were studied. RESULTS(More)
Mutations in the αB-crystallin (CRYAB) gene, encoding a small heat shock protein with chaperone function, are a rare cause of myofibrillar myopathy with autosomal-dominant inheritance, late-onset and moderate severity. We report a female infant presenting from 4 months with profound muscle stiffness, persistent creatine kinase elevation and electromyography(More)
BACKGROUND Clonidine is a useful analgesic-sedative agent; however, few data exist regarding its use in infants after congenital heart disease surgery. We thus aimed to assess the absorption and safety of enterally administered clonidine in this setting. METHODS Sixteen infants (median age 6.7 months) received a single nasogastric dose of 3 μg kg(-1)(More)