Andrew Durward

Learn More
Objective: Stewart's physicochemical approach to acid-base balance defines the aetiology of a metabolic acidosis by quantifying anions of tissue acids (TA), which consist of unmeasured anions (UMA) and/or lactate. We hypothesised that an increase in TA during metabolic acidosis would lead to a compensatory fall in the plasma chloride (Cl) relative to sodium(More)
AIM To document the incidence and early evolution of hyponatraemia (serum sodium < 136 mmol l(-1)) associated with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis in infants requiring intensive care. METHODS In a retrospective review over two winter seasons, 130 infants were admitted with confirmed RSV infection, of whom 39 were excluded because of either(More)
A systems approach proposes that hospital adverse events (AE) represent a failure of the organization rather than the individual, and are more likely when sub-optimal working conditions occur. We analysed AE using a systems approach to (a) investigate the association between AE occurrence and “latent” risk factors, which included temporal, workload, skill(More)
Mutations in the αB-crystallin (CRYAB) gene, encoding a small heat shock protein with chaperone function, are a rare cause of myofibrillar myopathy with autosomal-dominant inheritance, late-onset and moderate severity. We report a female infant presenting from 4 months with profound muscle stiffness, persistent creatine kinase elevation and electromyography(More)
Objective: Transoesophageal Doppler (TOD) has been used in adults to optimise left ventricular filling on the basis of the waveform parameters. We wished to see if a similar relationship exists in children, specifically: (a) whether change in thermodilution stroke volume (SV) following a fluid bolus corresponded to change in Doppler stroke distance, Doppler(More)
OBJECTIVE Stewart's strong ion theory quantifies unmeasured tissue acids produced following hypoxia or hypoperfusion, by calculation of the strong ion gap. Our study objectives were as follows: a) to determine the 24-hr profile of the strong ion gap following cardiopulmonary bypass surgery; and b) to compare the prognostic value in terms of intensive care(More)
Plastic bronchitis, a condition associated with widespread mucous plugging of the tracheobronchial tree, is an increasingly recognised bronchoscopic finding in acute chest syndrome of sickle cell disease. Removal of casts by bronchoscopy is technically challenging. We describe a child with acute chest syndrome where bronchoscopic removal of extensive(More)
BACKGROUND Delayed sternal closure is commonly used following pediatric cardiopulmonary bypass surgery for many reasons including support of the failing myocardium. We hypothesized that, as a result of improvements in perioperative care, sternal closure could be achieved at an earlier postoperative time than the 3 to 5 days typically reported in the(More)
BACKGROUND Mediastinal bleeding is common after pediatric cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery. Thromboelastography (TEG) may predict bleeding and provide insight into likely mechanisms. We aimed to (a) compare perioperative temporal profiles of TEG and laboratory hemostatic variables between patients with significant hemorrhage (BLEED) and those without(More)
We aimed to document our experience with oral clonidine when used as a sedative in combination with intravenous morphine and lorazepam in a group of mechanically ventilated children with single-organ, respiratory failure. In particular, our objectives were to establish the relationship between oral dose, plasma concentration, and sedative effect, and(More)