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OBJECTIVE To determine problems resulting from ED handover, deficiencies in current procedures and whether patient care or ED processes are adversely affected. METHODS A prospective observational study at three large metropolitan ED comprising three components: observation of handover sessions, 2 h post-handover surveys of the receiving doctors and a(More)
The currently available methodologies for applying extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy to the interrogation of dynamic chemical systems are critically reviewed. Particular regard is paid to applicable experimental timescales, extraction of structural information, sample presentation, and simultaneous pairing with complementary(More)
A new beamline (MPW6.2) has been designed and built for the study of materials during processing where three synchrotron techniques, SAXS, WAXS and XAS, are available simultaneously. It has been demonstrated that Rietveld refinable data can be collected from silicon SRM 640b over a 60 degrees range in a time scale of 1 s. The data have been refined to a(More)
Synchronous, time resolved, infra-red, XAFS, and mass spectroscopies are simultaneously applied in situ to the investigation of the dynamic behaviour of Rh/Al2O3 catalysts during NO reduction by CO; NO conversion, and its kinetic character are closely correlated to the conversion of Rh(I)(predominantly RhI(CO)2) to Rh(0).
The zinc coordination in 5-aminolevulinate dehydratase was investigated by extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) associated with the zinc K-edge. The enzyme binds 8 mol of zinc/mol of octameric protein, but only four zinc ions seem sufficient for full activity. We have undertaken a study on four forms of the enzyme: (a) the eight-zinc native(More)
The design and performance of the microfocus spectroscopy beamline at the Diamond Light Source are described. The beamline is based on a 27 mm-period undulator to give an operable energy range between 2 and 20.7 keV, enabling it to cover the K-edges of the elements from P to Mo and the L(3)-edges from Sr to Pu. Micro-X-ray fluorescence, micro-EXAFS and(More)
Methanol is an important platform molecule for chemical synthesis and its high energy density also renders it a good candidate as a cleaner transportation fuel. At present, methanol is manufactured from natural gas via the indirect syn-gas route. Here we show that ethylene glycol, a versatile chemical derived from biomass or fossil fuels, can be directly(More)
We used a combination of optically-detected x-ray absorption spectroscopy with molecular dynamics simulations to explore the origins of light emission in small (5 nm to 9 nm) Ge nanoparticles. Two sets of nanoparticles were studied, with oxygen and hydrogen terminated surfaces. We show that optically-detected x-ray absorption spectroscopy shows sufficient(More)
Hydroxyapatite (HA), has been used commonly as a bone substitute and as a scaffold in bone tissue engineering. However it has certain drawbacks such as limited biodegradability and osteointegration properties. Other forms of HA, for example, carbonated hydroxyapatite (CHA) could prove to have enhanced bioactivity as they more closely mimic the chemical(More)
Spatially and temporally resolved energy-dispersive EXAFS (EDE) has been utilised in situ to study supported Rh nanoparticles during CO oxidation by O2 under plug-flow conditions. Three distinct phases of Rh supported upon Al2O3 were identified by using EDE at the Rh K-edge during CO oxidation. Their presence and interconversion are related to the(More)