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Wolbachia are maternally inherited intracellular bacterial symbionts that are estimated to infect more than 60% of all insect species. While Wolbachia is commonly found in many mosquitoes it is absent from the species that are considered to be of major importance for the transmission of human pathogens. The successful introduction of a life-shortening(More)
Incidence of disease due to dengue (DENV), chikungunya (CHIKV) and yellow fever (YFV) viruses is increasing in many parts of the world. The viruses are primarily transmitted by Aedes aegypti, a highly domesticated mosquito species that is notoriously difficult to control. When transinfected into Ae. aegypti, the intracellular bacterium Wolbachia has(More)
From November 2008-May 2009 Cairns Queensland Australia was struck by an explosive epidemic of DENV-3 that exceeded the capacity of highly skilled dengue control team to control it. We describe the environmental, virological and entomological factors associated with this outbreak to better understand the circumstances leading to its occurrence. Patient(More)
Yeasts, which have been a component of the human diet for at least 7,000 years, possess an elaborate cell wall α-mannan. The influence of yeast mannan on the ecology of the human microbiota is unknown. Here we show that yeast α-mannan is a viable food source for the Gram-negative bacterium Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron, a dominant member of the microbiota.(More)
Albinism in plants regenerated from pollen by anther culture may result from the same mechanisms as postulated to be responsible for maternal inheritance of chloroplasts. Consistent with this view, Southern blotting was used to show that large regions of the chloroplast genome (over 80% in one case) were deleted in the major ctDNA molecules present in eight(More)
The paper provides detailed ultrastructural observations on nuclear division in the smut fungus Ustilago violacea and is based on previous light-microscopic work outlining the division in living and stained cells. The division as in many other Basidiomycetes is not intranuclear, but occurs within a partially disrupted membrane. The division takes place(More)
Toxin-antitoxin (TA) systems are small genetic modules that encode a toxin (that targets an essential cellular process) and an antitoxin that neutralises or suppresses the deleterious effect of the toxin. Based on the molecular nature of the toxin and antitoxin components, TA systems are categorised into different types. Type III TA systems, the focus of(More)
BACKGROUND Patients' illness beliefs have been associated with glycaemic control in diabetes and survival in other conditions. OBJECTIVE We examined whether illness beliefs independently predicted survival in patients with diabetes and foot ulceration. METHODS Patients (n=169) were recruited between 2002 and 2007. Data on illness beliefs were collected(More)
— A Current-to-Pressure (I/P) converter is a device which converts a current input, typically between 4mA and 20mA, to a proportional pressure output. Such devices are often used in valve positioners and regulators to provide accurate and flexible control. This paper describes a physics based mathematical model of an I/P converter implemented using Matlab(More)