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BACKGROUND In response to studies suggesting risk of occupational transmission of Helicobacter pylori (HP) to endoscopy staff, this cross-sectional study of seroprevalence to HP in gastroscopy nurses working in West of Scotland hospitals (an area of high endemicity of HP infection) was performed to determine if they were at excess risk relative to peers(More)
BACKGROUND We evaluated the utility of longitudinal measures of plasma amyloid-β (Aβ) as a means to identify pre-symptomatic cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease (AD) when coupled to neuroimaging and neuropsychological parameters. METHODS Participants from the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle (AIBL) study were grouped based upon cognitive(More)
BACKGROUND A practical biomarker is required to facilitate the preclinical diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS Plasma amyloid beta (Aβ)1-40, Aβ1-42, Aβn-40, and Aβn-42 peptides were measured at baseline and after 18 months in 771 participants from the Australian Imaging Biomarkers and Lifestyle (AIBL) study of aging. Aβ peptide levels were(More)
The formation of low-order oligomers of β-amyloid (Aβ) within the brain is widely believed to be a central component of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. However, despite advances in high-throughput and high-resolution techniques such as xMAP and mass spectrometry (MS), investigations into these oligomeric species have remained reliant on(More)
Effective therapeutic interventions for Alzheimer's disease (AD) will require treatment regimes to move toward the earliest stages of the disease. For this to occur the field has to identify biomarkers that are able to accurately identify individuals at risk for progression toward AD in the presymptomatic stage. One very significant implication is that some(More)
Reducing amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) burden at the pre-symptomatic stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is currently the advocated clinical strategy for treating this disease. The most developed method for targeting Aβ is the use of monoclonal antibodies including bapineuzumab, solanezumab and crenezumab. We have synthesized these antibodies and used surface(More)
Over the past 100 years, there has been an exponential increase in our understanding of the underlying pathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). This growth in knowledge has largely stemmed from the intensification of research into AD which has occurred over the past three decades and the incorporation of the amyloid cascade hypothesis as the generally(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia in the elderly population and attempts to develop therapies have been unsuccessful because there is no means to target an effective therapeutic window. CNS biomarkers are insightful but impractical for high-throughput population-based screening. Therefore, a peripheral, blood-based biomarker for(More)
Diagnostic measures for Alzheimer's disease (AD) commonly rely on evaluating the levels of amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides within the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of affected individuals. These levels are often combined with levels of an additional non-Aβ marker to increase predictive accuracy. Recent efforts to overcome the invasive nature of CSF collection led to(More)