Andrew D Stewart

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There is considerable interest in predicting risk of hip fracture in order to allow targeting of preventive care. This study aimed to determine which of two methods best discriminates a hip fracture population from controls. Fifty women with fractured neck of femur, and 50 control subjects were scanned using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) of the(More)
Previous studies have indicated a relationship between bone mineral density and the incidence of breast cancer in middle-aged and elderly women, with women with higher BMD being at significant increased risk. We investigated whether there was such a relationship in younger women who were perimenopausal or in their early postmenopausal years. As part of a(More)
Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV), a measure of arterial stiffness, is determined from the time taken for the arterial pulse to propagate from the carotid to the femoral artery. Propagation time is measured variously from the foot of the waveform or point of maximum upslope. We investigated whether these methods give comparable values of PWV at(More)
The shape of the proximal femur has been demonstrated to be important in the occurrence of fractures of the femoral neck. Unfortunately, multiple geometric measurements frequently used to describe this shape are highly correlated. A new method, active shape modeling (ASM) has been developed to quantify the morphology of the femur. This describes the shape(More)
We have assessed the acceptability of a method for screening for risk of future hip fracture in elderly women. After receipt of an initial response to a mailed risk-factor questionnaire sent out to 5,306 women, women were randomly assigned to active or control groups. The active group was invited to participate in a screening visit that comprised a(More)
Randomised control trial of osteoporosis screening in 4,800 women aged 45–54 years was carried out. Screened group observed an increase of 7.9% in hormone replacement therapy (HRT) use (p < 0.001), 15% in other osteoporosis treatments (p < 0.001) and a 25.9% reduction in fracture risk compared with control. Screening for osteoporosis significantly increases(More)
Aortic stiffness, as measured by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV), is a powerful, independent predictor of vascular risk. PWV in muscular arteries is influenced by basal nitric oxide (NO) release. It is not known whether NO also influences carotid-femoral PWV. We examined the effects of an NO synthase inhibitor, NG-monomethyl-l-arginine (L-NMMA),(More)
Polymethylmethacrylate has proven to be a useful intraocular lens (IOL) implant material and remains the most widely used material for the fabrication of IOLs. Complications, however, from IOL implantation still occur. A hydrogel lens has been designed for posterior chamber placement. A clinical study from August 1983 to June 1985 was undertaken to(More)
Fall prevention is a key strategy for reducing osteoporotic fractures. We investigated the association between vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphisms and reported falls in postmenopausal women. Bsm1 polymorphisms were associated with falls, balance and muscle power measurements. These results may explain some of the excess fracture risk associated with VDR(More)
In this population-based cohort of 1,254 older Scottish women we found significant interactions between the mechanical component of self-reported habitual physical activity (PA) and dietary calcium (Ca) in BMD, independent of other risk factors. At low and/or medium Ca intakes BMD was higher amongst the most active people. Although there is general(More)