Andrew D. Rutenberg

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Positioning of the midcell division plane within the bacterium E. coli is controlled by the min system of proteins: MinC, MinD, and MinE. These proteins coherently oscillate from end to end of the bacterium. We present a reaction-diffusion model describing the diffusion of min proteins along the bacterium and their transfer between the cytoplasmic membrane(More)
The curved actin "comet-tail" of the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes is a visually striking signature of actin polymerization-based motility. Similar actin tails are associated with Shigella flexneri, spotted-fever Rickettsiae, the Vaccinia virus, and vesicles and microspheres in related in vitro systems. We show that the torque required to produce the(More)
We examine fluctuation effects due to the low copy number of proteins involved in pattern-forming dynamics within a bacterium. We focus on a stochastic model of the oscillating MinCDE protein system regulating accurate cell division in E. coli. We find that, for some parameter regions, the protein concentrations are low enough that fluctuations are(More)
We have quantitatively modeled heterocyst differentiation after fixed nitrogen step-down in the filamentous cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. PCC 7120 without lateral inhibition due to the patterning proteins PatS or HetN. We use cell growth and division together with fixed-nitrogen dynamics and allow heterocysts to differentiate upon the local exhaustion of(More)
Filamentous cyanobacteria growing in media with insufficient fixed nitrogen (fN) differentiate some cells into heterocysts, which fix nitrogen for the remaining vegetative cells. Transport studies have shown both periplasmic and cytoplasmic connections between cells that could transport fN along the filament. Two experiments have imaged fN distributions(More)
We model the self-organization of the MinE ring that is observed during subcellular oscillations of the proteins MinD and MinE within the rod-shaped bacterium Escherichia coli. With a steady-state approximation, we can study the MinE ring generically--apart from the other details of the Min oscillation. Rebinding of MinE to depolymerizing MinD-filament tips(More)
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is required for the de novo biogenesis of peroxisomes in mammalian cells. However, its role in peroxisome maintenance is unclear. To explore ER involvement in the maintenance of peroxisomes, we redirect a peroxisomal membrane protein (PMP), PEX3, to directly target to the ER using the N-terminal ER signal sequence from(More)
Under conditions of limited fixed-nitrogen, some filamentous cyanobacteria develop a regular pattern of heterocyst cells that fix nitrogen for the remaining vegetative cells. We examine three different heterocyst placement strategies by quantitatively modelling filament growth while varying both external fixed-nitrogen and leakage from the filament. We find(More)
Ongoing sub-cellular oscillation of Min proteins is required to block minicelling in Escherichia coli. Experimentally, Min oscillations are seen in newly divided cells and no minicells are produced. In model Min systems many daughter cells do not oscillate following septation because of unequal partitioning of Min proteins between the daughter cells. Using(More)
When deprived of fixed nitrogen (fN), certain filamentous cyanobacteria differentiate nitrogen-fixing heterocysts. There is a large and dynamic fraction of stored fN in cyanobacterial cells, but its role in directing heterocyst commitment has not been identified. We present an integrated computational model of fN transport, cellular growth, and heterocyst(More)