Andrew D. Payne

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Range imaging is a technology that utilizes an amplitude-modulated light source and gain-modulated image sensor to simultaneously produce distance and intensity data for all pixels of the sensor. The precision of such a system is, in part, dependent on the modulation frequency. There is typically a tradeoff between precision and maximum unambiguous range.(More)
Time-of-flight range imaging systems utilizing the amplitude modulated continuous wave (AMCW) technique often suffer from measurement nonlinearity due to the presence of aliased harmonics within the amplitude modulation signals. Typically a calibration is performed to correct these errors. We demonstrate an alternative phase encoding approach that(More)
A relatively new technique for measuring the 3D structure of visual scenes is provided by time of flight (TOF) cameras. Reflections of modulated light waves are recorded by a parallel pixel array structure. The time series at each pixel of the resulting image stream is used to estimate travelling time and thus range information. This measuring technique(More)
We are developing a high precision full-field range imaging system. An integral component in this system is an image intensifier, which is modulated at frequencies up to 100 MHz. The range measurement precision is dictated by the image intensifier performance, in particular, the achievable modulation frequency, modulation depth, and waveform shape. By(More)
Range imaging is becoming a popular tool for many applications, with several commercial variants now available. These systems find numerous real world applications such as interactive gaming and the automotive industry. This paper describes the development of a range imaging system employing the PMD-19k sensor from PMD Technologies. One specific advantage(More)
Time-of-flight range imaging systems illuminate a scene with an amplitude-modulated light source, the light is reflected from objects in the scene, and measurement of the phase of the modulation envelope is performed to determine the object’s distance. As the image sensor is capable of performing this task for every pixel simultaneously, acquisition of the(More)
Time-of-flight (TOF) full-field range cameras use a correlative imaging technique to generate three-dimensional measurements of theenvironment. Though reliable andcheap theyhave thedisadvantageof highmeasurement noiseanderrors that limit the practical useof these cameras in industrial applications. We show how some of these limitations can be overcome with(More)