Andrew D. McCulloch

Learn More
Growth and remodeling in tissues may be modulated by mechanical factors such as stress. For example, in cardiac hypertrophy, alterations in wall stress arising from changes in mechanical loading lead to cardiac growth and remodeling. A general continuum formulation for finite volumetric growth in soft elastic tissues is therefore proposed. The shape change(More)
Muscle cells respond to mechanical stretch stimuli by triggering downstream signals for myocyte growth and survival. The molecular components of the muscle stretch sensor are unknown, and their role in muscle disease is unclear. Here, we present biophysical/biochemical studies in muscle LIM protein (MLP) deficient cardiac muscle that support a selective(More)
A new computational method was developed for modeling the effects of the geometric complexity, nonuniform muscle fiber orientation, and material inhomogeneity of the ventricular wall on cardiac impulse propagation. The method was used to solve a modification to the FitzHugh-Nagumo system of equations. The geometry, local muscle fiber orientation, and(More)
A model of passive and active cardiac muscle mechanics is presented, suitable for use in continuum mechanics models of the whole heart. The model is based on an extensive review of experimental data from a variety of preparations (intact trabeculae, skinned fibres and myofibrils) and species (mainly rat and ferret) at temperatures from 20 to 27 degrees C.(More)
The three-dimensional geometry and anisotropic properties of the heart give rise to nonhomogeneous distributions of stress, strain, electrical activation and repolarization. In this article we review the ventricular geometry and myofiber architecture of the heart, and the experimental and modeling studies of three-dimensional cardiac mechanics and(More)
Previous studies suggest that the laminar architecture of left ventricular myocardium may be critical for normal ventricular mechanics. However, systolic three-dimensional deformation of the laminae has never been measured. Therefore, end-systolic finite strains relative to end diastole, from biplane radiography of transmural markers near the apex and base(More)
A technique has been developed for measuring two-dimensional strains in the left ventricle of the isolated arrested rat heart subjected to passive ventricular loading. The pressure-volume relationship was found in eight hearts during inflation of a left ventricular balloon. With the zero-pressure state as reference, in-plane strain components were(More)
The beta-adrenergic signaling pathway regulates cardiac myocyte contractility through a combination of feedforward and feedback mechanisms. We used systems analysis to investigate how the components and topology of this signaling network permit neurohormonal control of excitation-contraction coupling in the rat ventricular myocyte. A kinetic model(More)
Cardiac cells mature in the first postnatal week, concurrent with altered extracellular mechanical properties. To investigate the effects of extracellular stiffness on cardiomyocyte maturation, we plated neonatal rat ventricular myocytes for 7 days on collagen-coated polyacrylamide gels with varying elastic moduli. Cells on 10 kPa substrates developed(More)
The KCNQ1-G589D gene mutation, associated with a long-QT syndrome, has been shown to disrupt yotiao-mediated targeting of protein kinase A and protein phosphatase-1 to the I(Ks) channel. To investigate how this defect may lead to ventricular arrhythmia during sympathetic stimulation, we use integrative computational models of beta-adrenergic signaling,(More)